Coiba Island howler

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Coiba Island howler[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Atelidae
Genus: Alouatta
A. coibensis
Binomial name
Alouatta coibensis
Thomas, 1902

The Coiba Island howler (Alouatta coibensis) is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, endemic to Panama. Although the Coiba Island howler is generally recognized as a separate species, mitochondrial DNA testing is inconclusive as to whether it is actually a subspecies of the mantled howler.[3] The reason for treating it as a separate species is the dermal ridges of its hands and feet differ from those of the mantled howler.[4]

A. c. coibensis is smaller than other Central American howler monkeys and has duller pelage than the Azuero howler, Alouatta coibensis trabeata.


The two subspecies of this howler are:[1]


  1. ^ a b Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Cuarón, A. D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P. C. & Link, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata ssp. coibensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  3. ^ Rylands; Groves; Mittermeier; Cortes-Ortiz & Hines (2006). "Taxonomy and Distributions of Mesoamerican Primates". In Estrada, A.; Garber, P.A.; Pavelka, M.S.M. & Luecke, L. New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates. Springer. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-387-25854-6.
  4. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. East Hampton, N.Y.: Pogonias Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7.

External links[edit]

Data related to Coiba Island Howler at Wikispecies