Alpheus (genus)

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Alpheus distinguendus.jpg
Alpheus digitalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Caridea
Family: Alpheidae
Genus: Alpheus
Fabricius, 1798

See text

Alpheus is a genus of snapping shrimp of the family Alpheidae. This genus contains in excess of 250 species,[1] making this the most species-rich genus of shrimp.[2] Like other snapping shrimp, the claws of Alpheus are asymmetrical, with one of the claws enlarged for making a popping noise.[3] Some species in the genus enter into symbiotic relationships with gobiid fishes.[4]


The following species are included:[5]


  1. ^ Won Kim & Lawrence G. Abele (1988). "The snapping shrimp genus Alpheus from the eastern Pacific (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae)" (PDF). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 454: 1–119. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.454. 
  2. ^ N. Knowlton & D. K. Mills (1992). "The systematic importance of color and color pattern: evidences for complexes of sibling species of snapping shrimp (Caridea: Alpheidae: Alpheus) from the Caribbean and Pacific coasts of Panama". Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 18: 1–5. 
  3. ^ Labrador Park
  4. ^ Raymond T. Bauer (2004). "Symbiosis". Remarkable Shrimps: Adaptations and Natural History of the Carideans. Animal Natural History Series. 7. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 179–203. ISBN 9780806135557. 
  5. ^ Sammy De Grave & Michael Türkay (2010). "Alpheus Fabricius, J.C., 1798". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 12, 2010.