Altamirano Municipality

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Location of the municipality of Altamirano in Chiapas
Location of the municipality of Altamirano in Chiapas
Altamirano is located in Mexico
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 16°53′N 92°09′W / 16.883°N 92.150°W / 16.883; -92.150
Country  Mexico
State Chiapas
Municipal seat Altamirano
 • Municipality 1,120 km2 (430 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Municipality 21, 948
 • Metro 6,155

Altamirano (formerly, San Carlos, Villa Enríquez, and Enríquez) is a municipality in the Mexican state of Chiapas. The municipality, covering an area of 1120 km2, has a population of 21,948.[1]

Its municipal seat is the town of Altamirano, Chiapas (population 6,155).


In 1806, the population of San Antonio and San Vicente applied to the parish of Ocosingo, for the funds to build a new town and elected a place near Nacashlan, some 30 km south of Comitán, near the Tzaconejá River. In 1814, a visitor Manuel Gómez, founded a new settlement called Ashlumal into which many indigenous families moved into and the area became known as San Carlos.[2]

In 1848 by national decree, Comitán established a centre of commercialization in San Carlos and reclaimed land from salt marsh along the river for exploitation. Many families were displaced to cultivate land in ranches which were built in the area to farm the land. One notable ranch was called "La Laguna".

In 1881 the town of New Nacaxlán, appeared on the old property San Carlos. On November 6, 1911, the town came to belong to the Department of Chilón. On January 16, 1933, by disposition of governor Victorico R. Grajales, the town of San Carlos was promoted to the category of a town with the name of Villa Enríquez, in honor of the governor Raymundo Enríquez.[1] However, soon after on January 25, 1935, the same Governor changed the name again to that which it is today; Villa Altamirano in tribute to poet Ignacio Manuel Altamirano. On July 20, 1942, by disposition of the governor Rafael Pascacio Gamboa, the town and surrounding area became an official second class municipality of Chiapas.[1] In 1994, Altamirano was one of the towns occupied by the Zapatista Army of National Liberation.


The municipality is located in central-east Chiapas and covers an area of 1120 square kilometres. It lies at an average altitude of 1,254 metres above sea level.[1] The coordinates of the municipality are 16° 44' 08 N and 92° 02' 18 E. The municipality is located within the economic region of II Altos, represtnating 29.7% of the land area.[1] Altamirano borders Ocosingo to the north, Las Margaritas to the south, and Chanal and Oxchuc to the west. Rivers in the municipality include the Tzaconejá River, Mendoza River, Soledad River and the streams Las Canoitas, Poza del Padre, Disciplina and finally the El Triunfo Lake.[1]

The climate is semi humid with rain all year round, with an average annual temperate of 20°C and average precipitation at 1,100 millimetres.

Main towns and villages[edit]

The main towns and villages and populations [1]

Town/village Population
Altamirano 6155
La Laguna 1038
Belisario Domínguez 972
Morelia (Victórico Rodolfo Grajales) 814
Puerto Rico 677
Venustiano Carranza 671
Luis Espinoza 620
San Luis Potosí 497
Joaquín Miguel Gutiérrez 496
Nuevo San Carlos 487


48.03% of the population is Roman Catholic, 21.27% Protestant, 24.02% Evangelical and 4.58% atheist.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Altamirano". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved July 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ www.altamirano.chiapas, Retrieved on July 24, 2008

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°53′N 92°09′W / 16.883°N 92.150°W / 16.883; -92.150