Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar

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Prakash Ambedkar

Ex-MP
Member of the Indian parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
1999–2004
Succeeded bySanjay Shamrao Dhotre
ConstituencyAkola
In office
1998–1999
Preceded byPandurang Pundalik Fundkar
ConstituencyAkola
Member of the Indian parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
18 September 1990 – 17 September 1996
ConstituencyMaharashtra
Personal details
Born (1954-05-10) 10 May 1954 (age 65)
Bombay, Bombay State, India
(now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)
Political partyRepublican Party of India (before 1994, 1998-99)
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh (1994 – 2019)
Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi (after 2019)
Spouse(s)Anjali Ambedkar
(1993 – present)
RelationsB. R. Ambedkar (grandfather)
Anandraj Ambedkar (brother)
Anand Teltumbde (brother-in-law)
See also Ambedkar family
ChildrenSujat Ambedkar (son)
MotherMeera Ambedkar
FatherYashwant Ambedkar
Residence • 129, Rajgruha, Hindu colony, Dadar, Mumbai, Maharashtra
 • B-17, Patil Heritage Bhosale Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra
 • Akola, Maharashtra
EducationBachelor of Arts
Bachelor of Laws
Alma materSt. Stanislaus High School
Siddharth College of Law, Mumbai
ProfessionAdvocate, Politician, Social worker
WebsitePrakashAmbedkar on Facebook
Nickname(s)Balasaheb Ambedkar

Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar (born 10 May 1954), popularly known as Balasaheb Ambedkar, is an Indian politician, writer and lawyer. He is the president of political parties called Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh and Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi. He is a three-time Member of Parliament (MP). He is the grandson of B. R. Ambedkar. He was a member of the 12th and 13th Lok Sabha Akola constituency of India. He has served in both houses of the Indian Parliament.

Personal life[edit]

Ramabai Ambedkar's remembrance by her grandson Prakash Ambedkar on 27 May 2019

Prakash Ambedkar is the eldest grandson of B. R. Ambedkar and Ramabai Ambedkar. His father's name is Yashwant Ambedkar (Bhaiyasaheb) and mother's name is Meera. The Ambedkar family are followers of Buddhism.[2] He has two younger brothers Bhimrao and Anandraj, and a sister Ramabai who is married to Anand Teltumbde. Prakash Ambedkar is married to Anjali Maydeo, with whom he has a son.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Prakash Ambedkar was born on 10 May 1954 in Bombay (now Mumbai). In 1972 he completed his higher secondary education from St. Stanislaus High School, Mumbai. In 1978, he received Bachelor of Arts (BA) from Siddhartha College of Arts, and in 1981 he got Bachelor of Laws (LLB) in Siddharth College of Law, Mumbai.[4][dead link]

Political career[edit]

Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh[edit]

On 4 July 1994, Prakash Ambedkar established the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh. This party was a splintered group amongst other factions of the Republican Party of India which was constituted on directions of his grandfather after his death. The Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha contested established political parties like Indian National Congress, Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party in the Akola municipal elections, emerging victorious. The success was gained through the new social engineering brought by Prakash Ambedkar which later known as "Akola Pattern". The expansion of the party continued after 1995, that some of the non-Dalit parties and organisations have joined the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh.[5][6]

Ambedkar was a member of the Rajya Sabha during 1990 - 1996.[7][8] He was elected in the 12th Lok Sabha elections from Akola Lok Sabha constituency in 1998 as a candidate of the Republican Party of India. Second time from the same constituency in 1999, he was elected as the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh's candidate for the 13th Lok Sabha elections and he was a member of the Lok Sabha till 2004.[9][10][11][12]

Ambedkar followed a policy, on the one hand, of regrouping the Dalits, and on the other of following a moderate line seeking alliance with those opposition parties which sympathised with the Dalit cause. It was with their support that he twice contested elections to the parliament from non-reserved constituencies. Though not successful in getting elected, he polled a sizeable number of votes on both the occasions.[13]

The RPI organised a march from Nashik to Mumbai to press its demands, prominent among which was the transfer of vatan lands to their Dalit cultivators. (Both before and after the British Raj, certain lands were given to people for services rendered by them to the government or to the community or to both. These lands are also called "watan lands" in local legislation and in Maharashtra many of the watans were abolished between 1950 and 1960.)[citation needed] In response, the government appointed a committee with Prakash Ambedkar as a member.[14]

The RPI's greatest success was in 1988 when Ambedkar, in alliance with other Dalit organisations, took out a massive demonstration in Mumbai. The occasion was the controversy regarding a move to delete from the official publication of B. R. Ambedkar's writings a portion called Riddles of Hinduism. The deletion move was supported by Shiv Sena which by this time was emerging as a militant Hindu political organisation. To bring all Dalit organisations together for this purpose, Prakash Ambedkar formed Ambedkar Vichar Samvardhak Samiti (AVSS).[15] Under the leadership of Prakash Ambedkar, R. S. Gavai and others on 5 February 1988, Dalits put on a massive show of strength which brought more than four to five lakh followers of B. R. Ambedkar into the heart of Mumbai city from different parts of Maharashtra and also from Gujarat and other states. Within days of the Dalit demonstration in Mumbai, the 'Riddles' issue was resolved at a meeting on February 10 of representatives of the Shiv Sena, the Maratha Mahasangh and the various groups of the Republican Party of India and the Dalit Panthers called by the state chief minister. It was agreed at the meeting that the relevant appendix would be retained intact in the fourth volume of Ambedkar's works; only a line would be added to clarify that the Maharashtra government did not agree or disagree with B. R. Ambedkar's comments on the Hindu gods.[16]

Bahujan Mahasangh, a political formation working in close association with the Bharatiya Republican Party led by Prakash Ambedkar, was formed in February 1993. In the summer of that year, its candidate won Kinwat legislative assembly seat in Nanded district, defeating Congress and BJP contestants.[17] The alliance between Bharatiya Republican Party and Bahujan Mahasangh visualised a joint front of Dalits and OBCs whose cultural identity was essentially non-Brahmin. Bahujan Mahasangh argued that in the Brahminical social order, both Dalits and OBCs find themselves equally oppressed culturally.[18] Bahujan Mahasangh had defined the Bahujan category to include Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains and Muslims, as well as caste groups such as Shudra (OBCs) and ati-Shudra (Dalits), tribes, women, poor Marathas, and poor Brahmins, thus including all those who are subjugated through caste, class and gender exploitation.[19]

Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi[edit]

Prakash Ambedkar founded new political party the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi on 20 March 2018 with its ideology primarily emphasizing Constitutionalism, Ambedkarism, Secularism, Socialism and Progressivism.[20][21] The Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi registered as a political party a year later on 15 March 2019, prior to the 2019 elections for Lok Sabha.[22] It is supported by the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh and the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen along with nearly 100 small political parties and social organizations.[23][24] Prakash Ambedkar is the supremo of the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi. Having declared all of its candidates' names, the party is contesting all 48 seats in Maharashtra in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.[25]

On 14 March 2019, Prakash Ambedkar has announced the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh will merge with the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi. He said that, despite the 'Akola pattern' of social engineering through the success of the Bharipa-Bahujan Mahasangh, the word 'Bharipa' (RPI) had limited the expansion of the party. He said that after the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the Bharip-Bahujan Mahasangh will merge with the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi, because the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi is acceptable in a broad sense.[26][27][28][29]

Ambedkar contested and lost from both Akola and Solapur in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.[30][31]

Controversy[edit]

Prakash Ambedkar courted controversy by asking his supporters to resort to violence against those who criticised his statement asking for proof on surgical strikes conducted by Indian Air Force. Many critics called it militant Dalit poilitics. [32][33]

Writings[edit]

  • Ambedkari Chalval Sampli Ahe
  • Andheri Nagari Chaupat Raja
  • Maharashtracha Uddyacha Mukhyamantri Varkari ani Varkarich
  • Can It Be Stopped![34]
  • Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh Cha Vaicharik Bhrashtachar[35]
  • Aetehasik Ambedkar Bhawanacha Varasa Aapan Japanar Ki Nahi ? (The Historic Heritage Of Ambedkar Bhavan Will We Preserve It?)[36]

Positions held[edit]

Ambedkar has held following positions,[37]

  • 1990-96: Nominated Member, Rajya Sabha from 18 September 1990 to 17 September 1996.[7]
  • 1992-96: Member, Committee on Rules
  • 1993-96: Member, Committee on Communications
  • 1998-99: Elected to 12th Lok Sabha, (1st term) Leader, Republican Party of India Parliamentary Party
  • 1998-99: Member, Committee on Food, Civil Supplies and Public Distribution; Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • 1999: Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (2nd term); Leader, Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh Parliamentary Party, Lok Sabha
  • 1999-2000: Member, Committee on Energy
  • 2000–present: Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Railways

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Maharashtra Political Parties.in". www.maharashtrapoliticalparties.in. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Vemula's mom, brother embrace Buddhism on Ambedkar Jayanti - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "होम मिनिस्टर प्रा. अंजली मायदेव : महिला आघाडीची जबाबदारी". divyamarathi (in Marathi). Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "Lok Sabha Election 2019: Vanchit Bahujan Aaghadi: New Political Power In Maharashtra | Lok Sabha Election 2019 : वंचित बहुजन आघाडी : नवी राजकीय शक्ती". Lokmat.Com. 30 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  6. ^ "भारिप बहुजन महासंघ वंचित आघाडीत विलीन करणार, प्रकाश आंबेडकरांची घोषणा". Abpmajha.abplive.in. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Microsoft Word - biograp_sketc_1a.htm" (PDF). Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  8. ^ "Alphabetical List Of Former Members Of Rajya Sabha Since 1952". Rajya Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi. Retrieved March 2019. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/lok13/biodata/13MH19.htm
  10. ^ "IndiaVotes PC: Winner Candidates of BBM for 1999". Indiavotes.com. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
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  12. ^ https://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/lok13/biodata/13MH19.htm
  13. ^ "Dilemmas of Dalit Movement in Maharashtra-Unity Moves and After". Economic and Political Weekly. 25 (12): 7–8. 5 June 2015.
  14. ^ Morkhandikar, R. S. (1990). "Dilemmas of Dalit Movement in Maharashtra: Unity Moves and After". Economic and Political Weekly. 25 (12): 586–590. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4396063.
  15. ^ "Dilemmas of Dalit Movement in Maharashtra-Unity Moves and After". Economic and Political Weekly. 25 (12): 7–8. 5 June 2015.
  16. ^ Jadhav, M. H. (1988). "Loyalty to Ambedkar Reaffirmed". Economic and Political Weekly. 23 (8): 348–349. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4378133.
  17. ^ Gavaskar, Mahesh (1994). "Bahujans as Vanguards: BSP and BMS in Maharashtra Politics". Economic and Political Weekly. 29 (16/17): 895–896. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4401084.
  18. ^ Palshikar, Suhas (1994). "POLITICS IN MAHARASHTRA: ARRIVAL OF THE 'BAHUJAN' IDIOM". The Indian Journal of Political Science. 55 (3): 271–284. ISSN 0019-5510. JSTOR 41855699.
  19. ^ Guru, Gopal (1993). "Emergence of Bahujan Mahasangha in Maharashtra". Economic and Political Weekly. 28 (46/47): 2500–2502. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4400407.
  20. ^ Farooquee, Neyaz. "Asaduddin Owaisi's Dalit outreach and the relevance of Prakash Ambedkar's Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi". The Caravan. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  21. ^ author/lokmat-news-network (29 September 2018). "वंचित बहुजन आघाडीने महाराष्ट्रात बदलाचे वारे!". Lokmat. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  22. ^ "List of Political Parties Year 2018-19". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Elections 2019 | The Big Players in Maharashtra". The Wire. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Lok Sabha Elections 2019: महाराष्ट्र में कांग्रेस को झटका, प्रकाश आंबेडकर ने गठबंधन से पल्ला झाड़ा". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  25. ^ "प्रकाश आंबेडकर के अकेले चुनाव लड़ने से बीजेपी-शिवसेना को होगा फायदा– News18 हिंदी". News18 India. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  26. ^ "after lok sabha election 2019 bharip bahujan mahasangh merge in vanchit bahujan aghadi says prakash ambedkar | भारिप बहुजन महासंघ निवडणुकीनंतर वंचित आघाडीत विलीन होणार: प्रकाश आंबेडकर". Loksatta. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  27. ^ "भारिप बहुजन महासंघ वंचित आघाडीत विलीन करणार, प्रकाश आंबेडकरांची घोषणा". Abpmajha.abplive.in. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Bharip Bahujan Mahasangh Will Merge With The Vanchit Bahujan Alliance, A Big Decision Of Prakash Ambedkar | भारिप बहुजन महासंघ वंचित बहुजन आघाडीत विलीन करणार, प्रकाश आंबेडकरांचा मोठा निर्णय | Lokmat.Com". M.lokmat.com. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  29. ^ "a big decision of Prakash Ambedkar bharip bahujan mahasangh will merge with the vanchit Bahujan alliance | प्रकाश आंबेडकरांचा Big Decision..भारिप बहुजन महासंघ वंचित बहुजन आघाडीत विलीन करणार". Divyamarathi.bhaskar.com. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  30. ^ "General Election 2019 - Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  31. ^ "General Election 2019 - Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  32. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/bharip-chief-tells-his-men-to-thrash-all-who-troll-him/articleshow/68280773.cms. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ https://www.freepressjournal.in/mumbai/mumbai-prakash-ambedkar-appeals-to-party-workers-to-trash-out-trolls-against-him/1474790.
  34. ^ Ambedkar, Prakash (2014). Can It Be Stopped! (1st ed.). Bhashya Prakashan. ISBN 9789383206261.
  35. ^ ????????, ?????? (2013). Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh Ka Vaicharik Bhrashtachar (in Hindi) (1st ed.). Bhashya Prakashan. ISBN 9789383206216.
  36. ^ "BookGanga - Creation | Publication | Distribution". www.bookganga.com. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  37. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of 13th Lok Sabha". Parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2 March 2011.

External links[edit]