Troilo was a bandoneon player, composer, arranger and bandleader in Argentina. His orquesta típica was among the most popular with social dancers during the golden age of tango (1940-1955), but he changed to a concert sound by the late 1950s.
Troilo's orchestra is best known for its instrumentals and also recorded with many vocalists, such as Francisco Fiorentino, Alberto Marino, Floreal Ruiz, Roberto Goyeneche, Raul Beron, and Edmundo Rivero. The rhythmic instrumentals and the recordings with vocalist Francisco Fiorentino from 1940-41 are the favorite recordings for social dancing in contemporary tango salons (milongas). The renowned bandoneonist Astor Piazzolla played in and arranged for his orquesta típica during the period 1939-1944.
Troilo's own tango compositions include:
- A Homero (1952), with lyrics by Catulo Castillo.
- Barrio de tango (1942), with lyrics by Homero Manzi.
- Che, bandoneon! (1950) with lyrics by Homero Manzi.
- Discepolin (1950), with lyrics by Homero Manzi.
- Garua (1943) with lyrics by Enrique Cadicamo.
- La ultima curda (1956) with lyrics by Catulo Castillo.
- Maria (1945) with lyrics by Catulo Castillo.
- Media noche (1944) with lyrics by Hector Gagliardi.
- Pa' que bailen los muchachos (1942) with lyrics by Enrique Cadicamo.
- Sur (1948), with lyrics by Homero Manzi.
- Te llaman malevo (1957), with lyrics by Homero Aldo Exposito.
- Toda mi vida (1941), with lyrics by Jose Maria Contursi.
- Una cancion (1953), with lyrics by Catulo Castillo.
- Yo soy del treinta (1963), with lyrics by Hector Mendez.
- Piazzolla, Ástor. A Memoir, Natalio Gorin, Amadaeus, 2001.
- Juan Angel Russo & Santiago D. Marpegan. Letras de Tango. Basilico (1999)
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