- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Argentina topics.
Argentina (Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Spanish: Capital Federal) as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The earliest recorded human presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with massive waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest developed nation in the world by the early 20th century.
After 1930, Argentina descended into political instability and periodic economic crises that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it nevertheless remained among the fifteen richest countries until the mid-20th century. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his wife Isabel Martínez de Perón ascended to the presidency. She was overthrown in 1976 by a U.S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship under Jorge Rafael Videla known as the National Reorganization Process. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were later convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs, and is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America and is a member of the G-15 and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. It is the country with the second highest Human Development Index in Latin America with a rating of "very high". Because of its stability, market size and growing high-tech sector, Argentina is classified as a high-income economy in the 2019 fiscal year.
: doença de Chagas
: enfermedad de Chagas-Mazza
, mal de Chagas
in both languages; also called American trypanosomiasis
) is a tropical parasitic disease
caused by the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi
. T. cruzi
is commonly transmitted to humans and other mammals by an insect vector
, the blood-sucking
insects of the subfamily Triatominae
) most commonly species belonging to the Triatoma
, and Panstrongylus
The disease may also be spread through blood transfusion and organ transplantation, ingestion of food contaminated with parasites, and from a mother to her fetus. The symptoms of Chagas disease vary over the course of an infection. In the early, acute stage, symptoms are mild and usually produce no more than local swelling at the site of infection. After 4–8 weeks, individuals with active infections enter the chronic phase of Chagas disease that is asymptomatic for 60–80% of chronically infected individuals through their lifetime.
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- March 11: Two people die and several are injured during a concert of Indio Solari (pictured) at Olavarría.NBC
- November 22: Death of former judge Carlos Fayt at age 98.La Nación
- August 4: Hebe de Bonafini refuses to show up for a judge questioning about the Schoklender scandal. The judge orders her detention.The Guardian
- July 4: Periodismo para todos and Susana Giménez start their 2016 season on Sunday nights.Clarín
- June 27: Argentina and Chile end 0-0 at the Copa América Centenario Final, won by Chile during the penalty kicks. Lionel Messi announces that he will not play for Argentina national football team anymore.BBC
- June 20: Capture of Ibar Pérez Corradi, fugitive intellectual author of the Triple crime.Insight Crime
- June 14: José López, assistant of former minister Julio de Vido, is detained while trying to bury bags with US$ 8 million behind a monastery.Merco Press
- June 3: Second #NiUnaMenos demonstration, both in Argentina and Brazil.The Guardian
- March 16: The chamber of deputies approves the bill to pay the holdouts.Bloomberg
- March 1: President Mauricio Macri opens the sessions of the Argentine Congress with a state of the union speech.La Nación
- February 18: President Mauricio Macri announces a rise in the minium rate for people that pays the income tax.La Nación
- February 3: Twelve deputies of the Front for Victory leave the bloc and join a block of the Justicialist Party, not aligned with La Cámpora. Thus, they cease to be the first minority in the chamber, which is now the alliance Cambiemos.La Nación
- February 3: Third imported case of the Zika virus outbreak, in Córdoba.La Nación
- January 18: The Tango 01 presidential plane is discontinued, as well as the presidential fleet.La Nación
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