- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Argentina topics.
The Argentine Republic
is a federal republic
of 23 provinces
and an autonomous city
, in southern South America
. Argentina has five land borders, with Bolivia
. Of the 23 provinces, only Tierra del Fuego
is not contiguous with any other state. Argentina claims over Antarctica
, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile
and the United Kingdom
, are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty
of 1961. Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands
: Islas Malvinas
) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
. Argentina traces its national origin to the May Revolution
in Buenos Aires
in 1810, the starting point of the Argentine War of Independence
. After an economic crisis from 1999 to 2002
, the country has had a recent economic recovery. Argentine culture has significant European influences. Buenos Aires, its cultural capital, is largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of conscious imitation of European styles in architecture. The other big influence is the gauchos and their traditional country lifestyle of self-reliance. Finally, indigenous American traditions (like yerba mate infusions) have been absorbed into the general cultural milieu.
The National University of Córdoba
: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
) (UNC), is the oldest university in Argentina
, and one of the oldest in the Americas
. It is located in Córdoba
, the capital of Córdoba Province
. Since the early 20th century it has been the second largest university in the country in terms of the number of students, faculty, and academic programs. In 1610 the Society of Jesus
founded the Collegium Maximum in Córdoba, which was attended by students of the order. This was the precursor of the university. On August 8, 1621 Pope Gregory XV
granted this authority by an official document, which arrived in the city in April 1622. With this authorization, and with the approval of the church hierarchy and the provincial head of the Jesuits, Pedro de Oñate, the university began its official existence.
Anniversaries for August 3
- 1823 María de los Remedios de Escalada, wife of the military leader of the Argentine War of Independence, General José de San Martín dies.
- 1902 Club Atlético Tigre is founded in the city of Tigre, Buenos Aires.
- 1916 José Manuel Moreno, football player for River Plate and the first footballer ever to have won first division league titles in four different countries, is born in Buenos Aires.
- 1952 Osvaldo Ardiles, football coach and former midfielder is born in Bell Ville, Córdoba Province.
- 1952 Nito Mestre, musician is born in Buenos Aires.
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- June 27: Lali Espósito (pictured) sings in a duet with Ricky Martin.TN
- June 23: General César Milani (pictured), head of the Argentine Army, announces his retirement.La Nación
- June 18: Roberto M. Levingston, head of state during the Argentine Revolution military dictatorship, dies at the age of 95.La Nación
- June 18: Florencio Randazzo resigns as precandidate for the 2015 elections, leaving Scioli as the single candidate of the Front for Victory.La Nación
- June 16: Daniel Scioli announces that Carlos Zannini will run for vicepresident in his ticket. La Nación
- June 15: The singer Indio Solari announces a temporary retirement, caused by an unspecified illness.Perfil
- June 14: The 45th Martín Fierro Awards ceremony takes place. Guapas receives the Golden Martín Fierro Award.La Nación
- June 13: Death of actor Sergio Renán, aged 82.La Nación
- June 10: Sergio Massa confirms that he would run for president in the 2015 presidential elections, despite rumors on the contrary.La Nación
- June 9: General strike against the national economic policies, requesting higher raises in wages.Press TV
- June 3: Massive demonstration in Plaza de Mayo against femicides.Buenos Aires Herald
- January 26: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announces a bill for the dissolution of the Secretariat of Intelligence.The Guardian
- January 25: Juan Román Riquelme retires from professional football.Buenos Aires Herald
- January 19: Prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who had accused President Cristina Kirchner of covering up Iranian links to the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center, is found dead at his home.The Guardian
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