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Museo Diego Rivera Anahuacalli
|Location||Museo 150, San Pablo Tepetlapa, 04620, Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico|
|Architect||Juan O'Gorman and Heriberto Pagelson|
The museum contains 2,000 pieces from the collection of Diego Rivera. Motivated by his own interest in Mexican culture, he collected nearly 50,000 pre-Hispanic pieces during his lifetime. The Anahuacalli was completed after Rivera's death by architects Juan O'Gorman, Heriberto Pagelson, and Rivera's daughter, Ruth Rivera Marín. Rivera and his wife, the painter Frida Kahlo, intended to build two museums as a legacy for Mexico. The house that he and Kahlo lived in, known as La Casa Azul (The Blue House) now houses the Frida Kahlo Museum and is located 3.1 miles away, in the heart of the former village of Coyoacán. The twin home-studios that O'Gorman designed for the couple, in nearby San Angel, are also a museum, the House Museum Study Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo.
The Anahuacalli is a pyramid of black volcanic stone (obtained from the terrain in which the Xitle volcano erupted). On the second floor, there is an exhibition room dedicated to the life and works of Rivera, as well as an observation deck.
The building forms a teocalli (god-house), and its design is notably influenced by the Teotihuacan culture as can be appreciated in the building’s boards, recreating the image of the rain god, Tlaloc. It also shows Maya and Aztec influences, which can be seen in the hexagonal (Maya) and rectangular (Aztec) arcs that serve as entrances to the different showrooms.
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