Andean tinamou

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Andean tinamou
NothoproctaPentlandiSmit.jpg
Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae
Genus: Nothoprocta
Species: N. pentlandii
Binomial name
Nothoprocta pentlandii
Gray 1867[2]
Sub-species

N. p. pentlandii
Gray 1867[2]
N. p. ambigua
Cory 1915[2]
N. p. oustaleti
Berlepsch & Stolzmann 1901[2]
N. p. niethammeri
Koepcke 1968[2]
N. p. fulvescens
Berlepsch 1902[2]
N. p. doeringi 1878[2]
N. p. mendozae
Banks & Bohl 1968[2]

Andean Tinamou RWD.jpg

The Andean tinamou (Nothoprocta pentlandii) is a tinamou, found commonly in high-altitude shrubland, in the Andes of South America.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4] pentlandii is the Latin form of Pentland which commemorates the Irish Traveller Joseph Barclay Pentland.

Subspecies[edit]

The Andean Tinamou has seven subspecies as follows:

Description[edit]

The Andean tinamou is approximately 27 cm (11 in) in length. Its upper parts are greyish-brown to olive brown and barred with black and white. Its breast is grey and spotted with white or buff, its belly is buff or whitish and its crown is black, the sides of its head and throat are mottled grey, and its legs are yellow.

Range and habitat[edit]

The Andean tinamou can be found in the Andes from southern Ecuador to central Chile, as well as in the Sierras de Córdoba in Argentina.

It prefers subtropical and tropical shrubland at 800 to 4,100 m (2,600–13,500 ft) altitude.[5]

Conservation[edit]

The IUCN classifies the Andean tinamou as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 550,000 km2 (210,000 sq mi).[5]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Nothoprocta pentlandii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Brand, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Clements, J. (2007)
  4. ^ Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  5. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)

References[edit]

  • BirdLife International (2008). "Andean Tinamou - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. Retrieved 12 Feb 2009. 
  • Brands, Sheila (Aug 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Nothoprocta pentlandii". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 12 Feb 2009. 
  • Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6th ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9. 
  • Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Tinamous". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  • Gotch, A. F. (1995) [1979]. "Tinamous". Latin Names Explained. A Guide to the Scientific Classifications of Reptiles, Birds & Mammals. New York, NY: Facts on File. p. 183. ISBN 0-8160-3377-3. 

External links[edit]