Anghel Saligny Bridge

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For another bridge in the same area, see Cernavodă Bridge.
The King Carol I Bridge
Podul Regele Carol I.jpg
Carries single-track electrified railway line
Crosses Danube
Locale Between Cernavodă and Feteşti
Characteristics
Design Anghel Saligny
Total length 2,632 m (8,635 ft)
Longest span 190 m (620 ft)
History
Opened 26 September 1895

The Anghel Saligny Bridge (formerly King Carol I Bridge) is a railroad truss bridge in Romania, across the Danube River, connecting the regions of Muntenia and Dobruja. The bridge is listed in the National Register of Historic Monuments.[1]

History[edit]

The bridge was built between 1890 and 1895 over the Danube, the Borcea branch of the Danube and the Balta Ialomiței island, and when it was completed, with a total length (with viaducts) of 4,087.95 m (13,411.9 ft), it became the longest bridge in Europe and the second longest in the world.[2] The bridge was designed by the Romanian engineer Anghel Saligny. The two cities on the banks of the river which was built were Feteşti on the left side and Cernavodă on the right side.

The crossing of Danube at Cernavodă was provided through a bridge with a central opening of 190 m (620 ft) (the largest in Continental Europe) and other four openings of 140 m (460 ft), beside to a viaduct with 15 openings of 60 m (200 ft) each. Another bridge, with three openings of 140 m (460 ft) and 11 openings of 50 m (160 ft), was designed and realized over the Borcea branch.[3] The two bridges have a length of 2,632 m (8,635 ft) of which 1,662 m (5,453 ft) over the Danube and 970 m (3,180 ft) over Borcea, and are 30 m (98 ft) above the water, allowing tall ships to pass under it. Between the two bridges there was a 1,455 m (4,774 ft) viaduct over the Balta Ialomiței island, with 34 openings of 42.8 m (140 ft) each.

The entire bridge was inaugurated on 26 September 1895, and as a test on the opening, a convoy of 15 whistling locomotives sped at 60 km/h, followed by a train reserved for 'guests', at 80 km/h.

In the 1960s, after large parts of the Balta Ialomiței island were reclaimed for agriculture, the original viaduct over it was replaced with an embankment.

Anghel Saligny Bridge complex has been exclusively used for almost a century, until 1987, when the new Cernavodă Bridge complex, built next to it, was inaugurated.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podul Carol I cu statuia Dorobantul at constanta.djc.ro (Romanian)
  2. ^ Meltem Toksoz; Biray Kolluoğlu (25 August 2014). Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day. I.B.Tauris. pp. 172–. ISBN 978-0-85771-140-3. 
  3. ^ Danube bridges Archived October 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Danube bridges Archived October 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°20′25.56″N 28°1′1.26″E / 44.3404333°N 28.0170167°E / 44.3404333; 28.0170167