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Cernavodă and the Danube-Black Sea Canal
Cernavodă and the Danube-Black Sea Canal
Coat of arms of Cernavodă
Coat of arms
Location in Constanța County
Location in Constanța County
Cernavodă is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°20′17″N 28°02′01″E / 44.33806°N 28.03361°E / 44.33806; 28.03361Coordinates: 44°20′17″N 28°02′01″E / 44.33806°N 28.03361°E / 44.33806; 28.03361
Country Romania
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Liviu Negoiță[1] (PNL)
46.69 km2 (18.03 sq mi)
50 m (160 ft)
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Vehicle reg.CT

Cernavodă (Romanian pronunciation: [t͡ʃernaˈvodə], historical names: Thracian: Axiopa, Greek: Ἀξιούπολις, Bulgarian: Черна вода, Cherna voda, Turkish: Boğazköy) is a town in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania with a population of 20,514.

The town's name is derived from the Bulgarian černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning "black water". This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water" (cf. Avestan axšaēna "dark" and Lithuanian ùpė "river, creek").[3]


The town is a Danube fluvial port. It houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and became fully functional in November 2007.

The Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Agigea and Năvodari.

The outskirts of Cernavodă host numerous vineyards, producers of Chardonnay wine. The largest winery in the area is Murfatlar.


Cernavodă was founded (under the name Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians.[citation needed]

The Constanța - Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration.

Cernavodă was one of the capitals of the short-lived Silistra Nouă County (1878–1879).

The town gives its name to the late copper age Cernavodă archaeological culture, ca. 40003200 BC.


Historical population
1912 5,743—    
1930 6,744+17.4%
1948 6,100−9.5%
1956 8,802+44.3%
1966 11,259+27.9%
1977 13,608+20.9%
1992 22,043+62.0%
2002 20,514−6.9%
2011 16,129−21.4%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Cernavodă had 14,969 Romanians (92.81%), 463 Turks (2.87%), 374 Roma (2.32%), 106 Lipovans (0.66%), 40 Tatars (0.25%), 15 Hungarians (0.09%) and 162 others.

Notable people born in Cernavodă include Alexandru Claudian (1898–1962) and Iosipos Moisiodax (1725–1800).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ Radoslav Katičić; Mate Križman (1976). Ancient Languages of the Balkans, Part One. Mouton. p. 149.

External links[edit]