Bardera District

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Bardera District
Country  Somalia
Region Gedo
Capital Bardera
Population (2006)over 90 towns and villages
 • Total 170,000
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Bardera District (Somali: Degmada Baardheere) is a district in the southwestern Gedo region of Somalia. It was first made a political district in 1941. A decade and a half later, during the 1956 general elections, a Somali parliament was voted to be put into place by 1960, once independence would be achieved. All elected Gedo Representatives were elected from the districts of Bardera and Luuq. Most of the votes in the Bardera District went to the Somali Youth League.

Baardheere District Growth and Government Underdevelopment[edit]

Baardheer City, the seat of Baardheere District, there was and still is a mix of economic activities and the two largest sectors being agriculture and livestock and its byproducts such as milk, butter, leather and hide.

Major agricultural and pastoral towns and villages in Bardera District include: Bardera, Fafahdhun, Sarinley, Aminey, Anoole, Hareeri, Gerileey, Sidimo, Uar Esgudud, El Mergis, Hurena, Kurman, Dar Moalim, Faanwayen and Darul Salaam,

Markableey or Markabley Dam Project was part of Jubba Valley Development Corporation, a national development project initiatives. Markabley Dam Project received initial visibility study in early 1980s. The project was to be completed by 1989. It didn't materialize.

Private Investment[edit]

In the absence of central or strong regional government for twenty years, all growth in Baardheere District came from private investment. Farming associations, private schools and other services such transportation, finance, and communications were all developed by private entities and individual investments.

Successive Somali central governments have done little to develop the region's economy and infrastructure. Much of the population in Baardheere District live alongside the Jubba River. From 1960 independence, three successive governments came to power. Other than building the Baardheere Bridge, no government since 1960 attempted to develop any of the services such as health, education, roads, bridges, airports and other needed public facilities.

Besides the bridge over the Jubba River at Baardheere City, funded by the Dutch Government and built in 1978, the district could use another three or four bridges, two bridges on both sections of the river, north and south of Baardheere City.

Education in Baardheere[edit]

The largest district in Gedo Region is fortunate to have 2 high schools (HIRDA and Markabley) and three tertiary education instituitions. And these are University of Gedo, Bardera Polytechnic and Bardera Islamic College.

Towns and Villages of Baardheere District[edit]

Baardheere District has over 90 towns and villages and much the population in these towns and villages depend on farming and raising livestock for cash and other resources.

Large towns such as Sarinley, Shanqoloow, Faafaxdhuun (Fafahdhun), Caanoole (Anole) Daar, Daarasalaam, Garileey and numerous other large villages have stable populations but no visible government development ever took place. Only Sarinley, Faafahdhun, Daarasalaam, Shanqolow and Anole have madarasas and primary schools. Only Baardheere has high schools.

Much of the educational activities have started a decade after the start of the Somali Civil War of 1991. HIRDA, Markabley Foundation, SEHO, SADO, HAREDA and SDF fund all the educational services in Baardheere.