Italian Somaliland parliamentary election, 1956

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Parliamentary elections were held in Italian Somaliland in February 1956.[1] The result was a victory for the Somali Youth League (SYL), which won 43 of the 60 elected seats in the Territorial Council.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The Territorial Council had a total of 70 seats, of which 60 were elected in 25 constituencies ranging in size from one to five seats. The other ten seats were reserved for minority groups; four for Italians, four for Arabs, one for Indians and one for Pakistanis. Only men over the age of 21 were allowed to vote, whilst candidates had to be at least 30, literate in both Arabic and Roman alphabets, and have been resident in Somalia for at least a year prior to the elections.[3]

The elections were direct in towns and municipalities, but indirect in rural areas, where members were elected by 613 "shirs" (open councils) between November 1955 and January 1956. The electoral laws were not applied entirely to the shirs, where voters could be as young as 15.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Somali Youth League 333,820 54.29 43
Hizbia Digil and Mirifle 159,967 26.01 13
Somali Democratic Movement 80,866 13.15 3
Somali National Union 21,630 3.5 0
Marehan Union 11,358 1.85 1
Afgoi-Audegle 3,441 0.6 0
S Hawiya Youth Union 1,846 0.3 0
Six Shidle 1,550 0.2 0
S Bagiuni Fichirini 426 0.1 0
Reserved seats 10
Total 614,904 100 70
Source: Sternberger et al.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Zweiter Halbband, p1918
  2. ^ Elections in Somalia African Elections Database
  3. ^ a b Sternberger et al., pp1919−1920