Antonio Bajamonti

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Antonio Bajamonti
Antonio.bajamonti.jpg
13th, 15th Mayor of Split
In office
9 January 1860 – 1864
Preceded by Šimun de Michieli-Vitturi
Succeeded by Frano Lanza
In office
1865–1880
Preceded by Frano Lanza
Succeeded by Aleksandar Nallini
Personal details
Born (1822-02-19)19 February 1822
Split, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austrian Empire
Died 13 January 1891(1891-01-13) (aged 68)
Split, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary
Political party Autonomist Party
Spouse(s) Alojzija Kružević
Alma mater University of Padua
Occupation Politician, medical doctor
Profession Physician
Antonio Bajamonti, drawing

Antonio Bajamonti (19 February 1822 – 13 January 1891) was a Dalmatian Italian politician and longtime mayor of Split. He is remembered as one of the most successful mayors of the city, occupying the post almost continuously for twenty years (1860–1880). He was a medical doctor by profession.[1] Bajamonti's parents were Giuseppe Bajamonti (Pretorial Chancellor of Vis) and Elena Candido of Šibenik.

Unlike many of his predecessors and successors, Bajamonti brought peaceful cooperation between the city's Romance (Italian) and Slavic (Croatian) citizens. His personality alone held off national strife brought on by the Age of Nationalism.

Mayor of Split[edit]

Bajamonti became Mayor of Split on 9 January 1860[2] for the Autonomist Party (succeeding Šimun de Michieli-Vitturi) and stayed in office until 1864, when he was relieved because of his opposition to Austrian centralism. He was replaced by Frano Lanza, but in 1865 he united with the People's Party into the Liberal Union and won the elections again.

He would go on to hold the post for over two decades, until 1880, when he retired from office and was succeeded by Aleksandar Nallini, another Autonomist. After democratic reforms allowed for a greater part of the populace to vote, Bajamonti's Autonomist Party lost the 1882 elections. Croatian Dalmatians, who made up the majority of the population of Split, were able to influence the vote sufficiently and a People's Party mayor was elected, Dujam Rendić-Miočević, a prominent Split lawyer.

Diet of Dalmatia[edit]

Bajamonti was also a member of the Diet of Dalmatia (1861–91) and the Austrian Chamber of Deputies (1867–70 and 1873–79). He married Alojzija Kružević on 6 October 1849.

For many years Bajamonti enjoyed the support of Croats and Italians and in this period of relative social peace was the propeller of important public works.[3]

In 1859, before his election, he built a public theatre with his own money. During his administration, gas lighting was installed instead of oil, the Society for the construction and embellishment of Split was established, the west wing of the representative building on the Prokurative square was built and the old Diocletian's aqueduct waterworks were renovated.[4]

For his initiative Split was also equipped with a square surrounded by galleries. His most famous work was the construction of a large fountain that was named later after him. Three months after the second opening the fountain Antonio Bajamonti died. The fountain was demolished in 1947 by city authorities as a symbol of fascism and Italian occupation.

Bajamonti instituted the policy Dalmatian Society (1886) and Società Accommodation Split (1888), until, severely indebted, died in his hometown on 13 January 1891. When he died, the information about his death was displayed in almost all the press in Italy.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Antonio Bajamonti (in Italian)". Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. 
  2. ^ History of Dalmatia by Giuseppe Praga & Franco Luxardo
  3. ^ The Fortnightly, Volume 117-Language Arts & Disciplines. Page 989. Antonio Bajamonti, turned Split into an elegant modern town whilst respecting its ancient architectural beauties.
  4. ^ Brisky, Livia (3 September 2007). "Fundamental Restoration of the Civic Hospital in Split (1866–1872)". Collegium Antropologicum. 31 (3): 2. ISSN 0350-6134. 
  5. ^ Knez, Kristjan. "Atti Del Convegno e Commorazione Di Antonio Bajamonti Mirabile Podesta Di Spalato" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-20. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Croatian

Italian

  • Bajamonti: "A noi Dalmati non resta che soffrire"
  • Randi, Oscar. Antonio Bajamonti il «Mirabile» Podestà di Spalato, Società Dalmata di Storia Patria, Zara 1932
  • Luciano Monzali, Italiani di Dalmazia. Dal Risorgimento alla Grande Guerra, Le Lettere, Firenze 2004
  • Valentino Quintana, Vittorio Vetrano di San Mauro Il carattere Italiano della Venezia Giulia e della Dalmazia, Quattroventi, Urbino 2009
Political offices
Preceded by
Šimun de Michieli-Vitturi
Mayor of Split
1860 – 1864
Succeeded by
Frano Lanza
Preceded by
Frano Lanza
Mayor of Split
1865 – 1880
Succeeded by
Aleksandar Nallini