Aplysia punctata

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Aplysia punctata
Aplysia punctata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Euopisthobranchia
clade Aplysiomorpha
Superfamily: Aplysioidea
Family: Aplysiidae
Genus: Aplysia
Species: A. punctata
Binomial name
Aplysia punctata
(Cuvier, 1803)
  • Aplysia albopunctata Deshayes, 1853
  • Aplysia hybrida Sowerby, 1806
  • Aplysia rosea Rathke, 1799

Aplysia punctata is a species of sea slug, a sea hare, a marine opisthobranch gastropod mollusk in the family Aplysiidae, the sea hares.[1] It reaches a length of up to 20 cm (7.9 in) and is found in the northeast Atlantic, ranging from Greenland and Norway to the Mediterranean Sea.[1]

The rhinophore of Aplysia punctata contains a groove, which extends to about two third of the total length of the rhinophore.[2]

Secondary metabolites (alkaloids) from marine sponges stimulate neurons in the rhinophore ganglion of the rhinophore of Aplysia punctata.[3]


This article incorporates CC-BY-2.0 text from reference.[2]

  1. ^ a b c Gofas, S. (2011). Aplysia punctata. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138758 on 2012-03-31
  2. ^ a b Wertz A., Rössler W., Obermayer M. & Bickmeyer U. (6 April 2006) "Functional neuroanatomy of the rhinophore of Aplysia punctata". Frontiers in Zoology 3: 6. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-3-6
  3. ^ Bickmeyer U., Drechsler C., Kock M. & Assmann M. (July 2004) "Brominated pyrrole alkaloids from marine Agelas sponges reduce depolarization-induced cellular calcium elevation". Toxicon 44: 45-51. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2004.04.001
  • Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213
  • Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp
  • Carey, N., Dupont, S. and Sigwart, J.D. 2016. Sea hare I (Mollusca: Gastropoda) can maintain shell calcification under extreme ocean acidification. The Biological Bulletin 231: 142-151

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