Apolo Kivebulaya (c. 1864 - 30 May 1933) was a Ugandan Anglican priest and evangelist. He is sometimes referred to as the "apostle to the pygmies" for his work among the Bambuti people of the Ituri forest in eastern Congo. Apolo is considered the principal pioneer of the Anglican church in the Belgian Congo. He was commemorated in the Anglican Calendar of Saints on May 30.
He was born, along with a twin brother, in 1864 in Kiwanda, Uganda. His parents originally named him Waswa Munubi. Waswa grew up the son of peasants who apprenticed him to a witch doctor, but when he discovered the man tricking people out of their possessions, he left him to learn about Islam, which had been recently brought to the chief Kabaka Mutesa's court by Arab traders.
When Waswa turned 13, H. M. Stanley, who had discovered David Livingstone in 1872, paid a visit to Mutesa's court and persuaded the chief to begin "reading" in the Christian religion. The chief was probably more impressed with Stanley's guns than with his Bible, for Mutesa had already parted ways with the Arabs and now needed protection. But the chief's welcome opened the door for his people to embrace Christianity.
Stanley's expedition opened the way for other missionaries too, notably Alexander MacKay, who arrived in 1878. Waswa credits MacKay with planting seeds of belief in his life. "When I looked at the European," he wrote, "his eyes sparkled with kindness." Mackay organized a church, and members of the chief's court began attending his classes.
- Gertz, Steven. "The Prospect Terrified Me" (PDF). Christian History (79). Retrieved 31 December 2012.
- Way, Rev. Yossa, "Apolo Kivebulaya", Dictionary of African Christian Biography
- Luck, Anne (1963), African Saint: The Story of Apolo Kivebulaya, London: SCM Press
- Manarin, L. Timothy, "Apolo Kivebulaya", Dictionary of African Christian Biography
- Quinn, Frederick, "Apolo Kivebulaya", Dictionary of African Christian Biography
- Roome, William J. W., Apolo: The Apostle to the Pygmies, London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott
- Taylor, John V., "Kivebulaya (Waswa), Apolo", Dictionary of African Christian Biography
- Way, Yossa, "Apolo Kivebulaya", Dictionary of African Christian Biography
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