Arachis villosulicarpa

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Arachis villosulicarpa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Arachis
Species: A. villosulicarpa
Binomial name
Arachis villosulicarpa
Hoehne

Arachis villosulicarpa is a perennial peanut species, which is cultivated by indigenous people in Mato Grosso, a state of Brazil.[1] Its wild progenitor is thought to be Arachis pietrarellii.[1] Although it is related to the common peanut, Arachis hypogaea, it was separately domesticated: A. villosulicarpa is diploid,[1] whereas A. hypogaea is tetraploid.

It is one of several species that might be used as gene source for plant breeding to improve the important cultivated peanut Arachis hypogaea.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Galgaro, L.; Montenegro Valls, J. F.; Lopes, C. R. (1997). "Study of the genetic variability and similarity among and within Arachis villosulicarpa, A. pietrarellii and A. hypogaea through isoenzyme analysis". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 44: 9. doi:10.1023/A:1008609115357. 
  2. ^ Wynne, J. C.; Beute, M. K.; Nigam, S. N. (1991). "Breeding for Disease Resistance in Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.)". Annual Review of Phytopathology. 29: 279. doi:10.1146/annurev.py.29.090191.001431. 

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