Arbogast may refer to various people. The origin of this name dates back to the Franks.
- Louis François Antoine Arbogast (1759 – 1803), a French mathematician who published a well-known calculus treatise in 1800.
- Todd Arbogast, an American mathematician known for his work in subsurface modeling.
- Arbogast (general), a 4th-century Frankish general.
- Arbogast von Franckenstein, a 10th-century knight and sworn defender of the Franckenstein realm.
- Arbogast (Count of Trier), a 5th-century Frankish-Roman comes in Trier. He may have been the Arbogast who was Bishop of Chartres.
- Saint Arbogast (c. 600s–700), an Irish missionary who came to Alsace, France and became Bishop of Strasbourg. His given name. Arascach, was adapted to the local name Arbogast.
- Detective Arbogast, the detective in the film Psycho.
- Dr. Larry Arbogast, Danny DeVito's character in the film Junior.
- Chief of Department Dino Arbogast, John Ventimiglia's character in the television series Blue Bloods.
- Hans Arbogast, chief character in the book The Arbogast Case.
- Carl Arbogast, River Phoenix Character in the film Sneakers.
- John D Arbogast, a PI in the 1939 Raymond Chandler short story "Trouble is my Business".
- Charles Arbogast, a PI in the television series "Blunt Talk".
Origin of the name
This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. The specific problem is: Huge difference between the English article and the French/German articles on this topic.(July 2016)
This name also appears on a silver disc brooch found in a grave at Kirchheim-Teck and dating back to the second half of the 6th century.
The etymology of this name is not yet a matter of consensus. We present below three hypotheses that are still disputed.
Arogastes = Arogast = Arbogast in Latin
The name "Arogast" appears in the Salic law, written in 507–511, which forms the basis of the Franks' legal system. The four Frankish authors of this law were Wisogast, Arogast, Sidogast, and Widogast. Contacts with the Romans led to Old Frankish words becoming Latinized. In later versions of the Salic Law (including the "systematic version"), these four authors are referred to as Wisogastes, Arogastes, Sidogastes, and Widogastes.
According to Zöllner and Heinzelmann, the author known as "Arogast" or "Arogastes" is the 4th-century Frankish general Arbogast, who served in the late Roman army. In this case, "Arbogast" would be a Latin variant of the older name "Arogast".
Proto-Germanic Arô-gisalaz "eagle companion"
Schretzheim I, found in Bayrisch Schwaben, Germany, is a silver bulla (i.e., an amulet box) dated c. 600. It is kept in the Stadtund Hochstiftmuseum, Dillingen a.d. Donau, Germany. The runic inscription reads "arogisd(l)". The rune on the lid reads "arogisd".
|Look up arô in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Look up gīslaz in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
According to Looijenga, the proto-Germanic words arô "eagle" and gisalaz or gīslaz "companion, hostage" led to Arôgisalaz "eagle companion". This proto-Germanic name changed as the language evolved to the old Frankish language. Over time, Arôgisalaz became Arogisd(l), which may have been pronounced Arogist or Arogast. Therefore, Arôgisalaz and Arogisd(l) may be primitive forms of the name Arogast, which later became Arbogast under Roman influence.
Arb(o)-gast = guest of heritage in proto-Germanic
|Look up gastiz in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
According to another school, the name "Arbogast" is derived from the proto-Germanic roots "arb" (heritage) and "gast" or "gastiz" (stranger, guest). In this case, "Arbogast" would mean "heritage guest". "Arogast" would be either a Frankish variant of the older name "Arbogast", or a different name altogether.
- Fischer Drew, Katharine (2011). The Laws of the Salian Franks. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-0050-0.
- Heinzelmann, Martin (1983). "Gallische Prosopographie". Francia.
- Hettche, Thomas (2001). The Arbogast Case. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
- Looijenga, Jantina Helena (1997). Runes Around the North Sea and On the Continent AD 150-700; Texts & Contexts (Ph.D. thesis). University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
- Looijenga, Tineke (2003). Texts and Contexts of the Oldest Runic Inscriptions. Brill. pp. 255, 264. ISBN 90-04-12396-2.
- Gregory of Tours (1927). The History of the Franks. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
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