Architecture of Nepal

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Nyatapola Temple located in Bhaktapur, Nepal, built in 1701–1702 CE
The Great Drigung Kagyud Lotus Stupa in Lumbini, Nepal
Traditional architecture of Kathmandu

Nepali architecture or Nepalese architecture is a unique strain of art and practicality. Situated in between the trade routes of India and Tibet and China, Nepali architecture reflects influences from both these cultural strongholds. The pagoda architectural tradition figures prominently among Hindu temples in the country. The pagoda architectural tradition as well, along with the Tibetan tradition of Buddhist architecture and the stupa in contrast is widely used among Buddhist temples throughout the country.Mugal style ,summit style,dome style also have great scope in Nepal.

Traditional house in Nepal

Architectural Ensemble[edit]

The Architectural Ensemble is a motley assembly of the following general structures. Each type is unique and distinctive in character and utility. However, all are linked in a common techniques and styles:


  • Banerjee, N. R. (1980). Nepalese Architecture. Agam Kala Prakashan.
  • Sestini, Valerio; Somigli, Enzo (1978). Sherpa Architecture (PDF). Translated by Timothy Paterson. Paris, France: United Nations/UNESCO. ISBN 92-3-201612-5.

Becker-Ritterspach, R.O.A., Gestaltungsprinzipien in der Newarischen Architectur - Beitrag zur Konstruktion und Formgebung, Sautter und Lackmann, 1982 Becker-Ritterspach, R.O.A., Water Conduits in the Kathmandu Valley, Munshriram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt.Ltd, 1995 Becker-Ritterspach, R.O.A., Ratna style Temples with an Ambulatory - Selected temple concepts in Bengal and the Kathmandu Valley, Himal Books Pvt. Ltd., 2016