Architecture of Nepal

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Nyatapola Temple located in Bhaktapur, Nepal, built in 1701–1702 CE
The Great Drigung Kagyud Lotus Stupa in Lumbini, Nepal
Traditional architecture of Kathmandu

Nepali architecture or Nepalese architecture is a unique strain of art and practicality. Situated in between the trade routes of India and Tibet and China, Nepali architecture reflects influences from both these cultural strongholds. The pagoda architectural tradition figures prominently among Hindu temples in the country. The pagoda architectural tradition as well, along with the Tibetan tradition of Buddhist architecture and the stupa in contrast is widely used among Buddhist temples throughout the country.

Architectural Ensemble[edit]

The Architectural Ensemble is a motley assembly of the following general structures. Each type is unique and distinctive in character and utility. However, all are linked in a common techniques and styles:


  • Banerjee, N. R. (1980). Nepalese Architecture. Agam Kala Prakashan. 
  • Sestini, Valerio; Somigli, Enzo (1978). Sherpa Architecture (PDF). Translated by Timothy Paterson. Paris, France: United Nations/UNESCO. ISBN 92-3-201612-5.