Arthur Priestley

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Arthur Priestley

Sir Arthur Alexander Priestley (9 November 1865[1] in Kensington, London[2] – 10 April 1933[1]) was an English Liberal Party[3] politician and cricketer.[2] After three unsuccessful candidacies he held a seat in the House of Commons from 1900 to 1918. At cricket, he played for MCC and took part in and later led overseas touring sides between 1894 and 1897.[2]

Early life[edit]

Priestley was the youngest surviving son of Briggs Priestley (1831–1907), from Apperley Bridge near Bradford.[4] His father was a mill-owner in Bradford, and served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Pudsey from 1895 to 1900.[5] His brother William was MP for Bradford East from 1906 to 1918.

Arthur was educated privately,[4] and travelled in most parts of the world[6] participating in sports ranging from pig-sticking in Patiala to crocodile-shooting on the White Nile.[6] He also took part in many cricketing tours.[6]

Politics[edit]

After the 1886 general election, he was asked by the Liberal association in Stamford to contest the seat against the sitting Conservative MP, John Compton Lawrance.[7] He was in America at the time, but it was expected that he would accept the invitation;[7] however in the event, Lawrance was returned unopposed.[3]

He campaigned in support of the Liberal candidate at the September 1889 by-election in Sleaford,[8] and first stood for Parliament himself at the Stamford by-election in 1890, after Lawrence resigned his seat in order to become a High Court judge.[3] Priestley issued his election address on 27 February,[9] and took up residence in the constituency.[10] His nomination was signed by farmers, tradesmen, and working men.[10] In his final appeal to voters on 5 March he spoke of how reforms in the past had been achieved by the Liberals, and said "I believe that the programme of the party offers the best security for the preservation of the essential unity and greatness of the Empire, and the material prosperity and the moral elevation of all of its peoples".[11] Polling took place on 7 March,[12] and when the votes were counted at the Corn Exchange in Bourne on Saturday 8 March, Priestley lost to the Conservative Henry Cust by a margin of 282 votes[13] (3.4% of the total).[3] This was a significant improvement over the 13.8% majority of the Conservatives at the last contested election in 1885,[3] and Priestley told his supporters that they had done far better than he expected.[13] To cheers of "next time, Priestley" he said that Gladstone would be encouraged by the result.[13]

He was unsuccessful again when he contested Stamford at the 1892 and 1895 general elections,[3] but finally won a seat at the 1900 general election by when he was returned as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Grantham[14] with a majority of only 38 votes (1.4%).[3] He was re-elected three times in Grantham, with majorities which never exceeded 4.0% and fell as low as 33 votes (1.0%) in December 1910.[3]

Priestley was knighted in February 1911,[15] and held the Grantham seat until the 1918 general election,[1] when he did not stand again.[16]

He was a Justice of the Peace (JP) for Grantham and for Lincolnshire, and served as Mayor of Grantham from 1914 to 1917.[4] His residence was listed in 1918 as Hungerton Hall, Grantham.[4]

Cricket[edit]

Priestley was not especially well known as a cricketer, although he was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club (M.C.C.).[17] He played some minor games for the club in 1891 and 1893 without much success.[18] Early in 1895, he was a member of Slade Lucas's cricket team which toured West Indies in 1894-95.[18] He made his first-class debut against Barbados on this tour and played sixteen games, of which seven were first-class. However, his highest score in any innings was 36 runs.[18] Later in 1895, he played his only first-class match in England, for the M.C.C. against Warwickshire but scored just two runs in the game.[18]

In January 1897, Priestley led his own team on a tour of West Indies. However, the visit was controversial as Lord Hawke visited the region at the same time. Priestley had been invited by Barbados and Jamaica while Demerera asked Hawke to send a team. Trinidad was happy to accommodate either team but attempts to merge the two touring parties came to nothing. However, the teams did not clash and Priestley was believed to have better cricketers on his team.[17] The tourists played nine first-class games and sixteen matches in total. Priestley only reached double figures in three innings with a top score of 30.[18] During 1898, Priestley played two minor matches on Andrew Stoddart's tour of Australia and Priestley toured two more times—he toured North America with K. S. Ranjitsinhji's side in 1899 and then with Bernard Bosanquet's in 1901, although neither team played any first-class matches.[18]

In all first class cricket, as a right-handed batsman, he scored 183 runs at an average of just 7.32 with a top score of 36 and in these games he took eleven catches.[2]

In 1908 the touring Gentlemen of Philadelphia played a match against Grantham Cricket Club, when Priestley, then MP played on the side of the Philadelphians. Also playing for Philadelphia were Bart King, Nelson Graves and John Lester who scored a century. Priestley scored 14 but the match ended in a draw.[19]

Death[edit]

Priestley died in Nice in April 1933, aged 68.[20] He was unmarried.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d "Arthur Priestley (Cricinfo profile)". ESPNCricinfo. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 112, 343. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d Hesilridge, Arthur G. M. (1918). Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918. London: Dean & Son. p. 134. 
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ a b c "Biographies Of New Members". The Times. London. 19 October 1900. p. 10, col B. 
  7. ^ a b "Election Intelligence". The Times. London. 18 June 1886. p. 10, col E. 
  8. ^ "Election Intelligence. Lincolnshire, Sleaford Division". The Times. London. 19 September 1889. p. 4, col A. 
  9. ^ "Election Intelligence". The Times. London. 27 February 1890. p. 7, col C. 
  10. ^ a b "Election Intelligence. Lincolnshire, Sleaford Division". The Times. London. 4 March 1890. p. 10, col C. 
  11. ^ "Election Intelligence. Lincolnshire, Sleaford Division". The Times. London. 6 March 1890. p. 6, col A. 
  12. ^ "Election Intelligence. Lincolnshire (Stamford Division).". The Times. London. 8 March 1890. p. 12, col A. 
  13. ^ a b c "Lincolnshire (Stamford And Bourne Division)". The Times. London. 10 March 1890. p. 6, col C. 
  14. ^ "no. 27244". The London Gazette. 6 November 1900. p. 6770. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "no. 28469". The London Gazette. 24 February 1911. p. 1462. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  16. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 415. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  17. ^ a b "Wisden – Obituaries in 1933". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. London: John Wisden & Co. 1934. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Player Oracle A Priestley". CricketArchive. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  19. ^ Cricket Archive - Grantham v Gentlemen of Philadelphia
  20. ^ a b "Sir Arthur Priestley". The Times. London. 11 April 1933. p. 19, col B. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Yarde Buller Lopes
Member of Parliament for Grantham
19001918
Succeeded by
Edmund Royds