Grantham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Grantham
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Lincolnshire
Major settlements Grantham
18851997
Number of members One
Replaced by Sleaford & North Hykeham, and Grantham & Stamford
1468–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Grantham was a Parliamentary constituency in Lincolnshire, England.

The constituency was created in 1468 as a parliamentary borough which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of England until the union with Scotland, and then to the Parliament of Great Britain until the Act of Union 1800 established the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The parliamentary borough was abolished in 1885, and the name transferred to a new county division which elected one MP. The county constituency was abolished for the 1997 election, and the area formerly covered by this constituency is now mostly in Sleaford and North Hykeham. Grantham became part of the new constituency of Grantham and Stamford.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was based on Grantham, a market town on the River Witham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1468–1640[edit]

Year First member Second member
1491 John Mordaunt
1510–1523 No names known [1]
1529 William Hussey Francis Hall [1]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545 Sir Edward Warner Edmund Hall [1]
1547 Sir Edward Warner Edmund Hall [1]
1553 (Mar) Sir Edward Warner Thomas Hussey [1]
1553 (Oct) Sir Edward Warner James Wallis [1]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Hussey Richard Disney [1]
1554 (Nov) Roger Johnson Richard Sharpe [1]
1555 George Williams William Porter [1]
1558 Henry Savile Anthony Thorold [1]
1559 (Jan) Thomas Randolph William More[2]
1562/3 Roger Manners William Cooke [2]
1571 William Killigrew Arthur Hall [2]
1572 John Vaughan Arthur Hall [2][3]
1584 (Nov) Arthur Hall William Thorold [2]
1586 (Oct) Sir Henry Bagenall,sat for Anglesey,
repl. by
William Ashby
Robert Markham [2]
1588/9 Richard More William Armyn [2]
1593 Thomas Horsman Francis Neale [2]
1597 (Oct) Thomas Horsman Francis Neale [2]
1601 (Oct) Oliver Manners Thomas Horsman [2]
1604 Sir George Manners Sir Thomas Horsman
1614 Sir George Reynell Richard Tufton
1621 Sir William Armyne Sir Clement Cotterell
1624 Sir George Manners Sir Clement Cotterell
1625 Sir George Manners Sir William Airmine
1626 John Wingfield Edward Stirmin
1628–1629 Thomas Hatcher Alexander Moor

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Election First Member[4] First Party Second Member[4] Second Party
April 1640 Sir Edward Bashe Henry Pelham
November 1640 Thomas Hussey Royalist Henry Pelham Parliamentarian
1641 Sir William Airmine Parliamentarian
December 1648 Pelham excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Grantham was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 William Bury Grantham had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 William Ellys
January 1659 Thomas Skipwith Sir William Ellys
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Thomas Skipwith Sir John Newton
1661 Sir William Thorold
1678 Sir Robert Markham
1679 Sir William Ellys
1685 Thomas Harrington John Thorold
1689 Sir John Brownlow Sir William Ellys
1697 Sir John Thorold
Jan. 1701 Thomas Baptist Manners
Nov. 1701 Richard Ellys
1705 Marquess of Granby
1711 Sir John Thorold
1713 Sir John Brownlow
1715 Edward Rolt John Heathcote
1722 Francis Fisher The Viscount Tyrconnel
1727 Sir Michael Newton
1741 Marquess of Granby
1743 Sir John Cust
1754 Lord George Manners
1770 Francis Cust
1774 Sir Brownlow Cust
1776 Peregrine Cust
1780 Francis Cockayne-Cust George Manners-Sutton
1792 Philip Yorke
1793 Simon Yorke
1802 Thomas Thoroton Sir William Earle Welby, Bt
1806 Russell Manners
1807 Sir William Earle Welby, Bt
1812 Robert Percy Smith
1818 Edward Cust
March 1820 James Hughes
July 1820 Sir Montague Cholmeley, 1st Bt
1826 Frederick James Tollemache Tory Montague Cholmeley
1830 Glynne Earle Welby Tory/Conservative
1831 James Hughes
1832 Hon. Algernon Gray Tollemache Conservative
1837 Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Conservative
1852 Lord Montagu William Graham Conservative
1857 William Earle Welby Conservative Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Liberal
1865 John Thorold Conservative
1868 by-election Edmund Turnor Conservative
1868 Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bt Liberal Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Liberal
1874 Henry Cockayne-Cust Conservative
1880 John William Mellor Liberal Charles Savile Roundell Liberal
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1997[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 John William Mellor Liberal
1886 William Malcolm Low Conservative
1892 Henry Yarde Buller Lopes Conservative
1900 Arthur Priestley Liberal
1918 Edmund Royds Coalition Conservative
1922 Robert Pattinson Liberal
1923 Victor Warrender Conservative
1942 by-election Denis Kendall Independent
1950 Eric Smith Conservative
1951 Joseph Godber Conservative
1979 Douglas Hogg Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Grantham and Stamford

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Grantham[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Mellor 1,377 54.9
Conservative Alfred Cholmeley Earle Welby 1,131 45.1
Majority 246 9.8
Turnout 87.0
Liberal hold Swing
Grantham by-election, 1886[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. John William Mellor unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1886: Grantham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Malcolm Low 1,197 50.8
Liberal Rt Hon. John William Mellor 1,161 49.2
Majority 36 1.6
Turnout 81.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Henry Lopes
General Election 1892: Grantham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Yarde Buller Lopes 1,296 50.6
Liberal T.C. Clarke 1,263 49.4
Majority 33 1.2
Turnout 95.0
Conservative hold Swing
Samuel Waddy
General Election 1895: Grantham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Yarde Buller Lopes 1,507 56.4
Liberal Samuel Danks Waddy 1,167 43.6
Majority 340 12.8
Turnout 92.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Grantham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Alexander Priestley 1,347 50.7
Conservative Henry Yarde Buller Lopes 1,309 49.3
Majority 38 1.4
Turnout 87.2
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1906: Grantham[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Alexander Priestley 1,663
Conservative Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 1,554
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Grantham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Alexander Priestley
Conservative G H S Smyth
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Grantham[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Alexander Priestley 1,730 50.5
Conservative Herbert Guy Snowden 1,697 49.5
Majority 33 1.0
Turnout 94.0
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Grantham[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,972 48.4 -1.1
Liberal Robert Pattinson 8,701 42.2 -8.3
Independent Labour William Bilton Harris 1,927 9.4 n/a
Majority 1,271 6.2
Turnout 58.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Grantham[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Pattinson 11,723 41.4 -0.8
Unionist Edmund Royds 11,295 39.8 -8.6
Labour John Henry Jones 5,332 18.8 +9.4
Majority 428 1.6
Turnout 79.5 +21.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +3.9
General Election 1923: Grantham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 12,552 43.5 +3.7
Liberal Robert Pattinson 10,819 37.6 -3.8
Labour Montague William Moore 5,440 18.9 +0.1
Majority 1,733 5.9
Turnout 79.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.7
General Election 1924: Grantham[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 14,746 49.5
Liberal Alexander Lyle-Samuel 7,730 26.0
Labour Montague William Moore 7,279 24.5 +5.6
Majority 7,016 23.5 17.6
Turnout 80.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Grantham[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 16,121 40.8 -8.7
Liberal R Hamilton Brown 12,023 30.4 +4.4
Labour Montague William Moore 11,340 28.7 +4.2
Majority 4,098 10.3
Turnout 81.9
Unionist hold Swing -6.5

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Grantham[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 27,164 69.2
Labour Montague William Moore 12,115 30.8
Majority 15,049 38.3
Turnout 39,279 79.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Grantham[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 22,194 58.1
Labour Montague William Moore 16,009 41.9
Majority 6,185 16.2
Turnout 38,203 74.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Grantham by-election, 1942[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Denis Kendall 11,758 50.8 n/a
Conservative Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Murray Longmore 11,391 49.2 −8.9
Majority 367 1.6
Turnout 42.6
Independent gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1945[23]

Electorate 62,783

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Denis Kendall 27,719 58.2 +7.4
Conservative George Arthur Worth 12,206 25.6 −23.6
Labour Thomas Sansby Bavin 7,728 16.2 n/a
Majority 15,513 32.6
Turnout 75.9
Independent hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Martin Smith 19,195
Labour Albert Edward Millett 14,457
Independent William Denis Kendall 12,792
Majority 4,738
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Bradshaw Godber 20,712
Labour Albert Edward Millett 18,540
Liberal William Denis Kendall 8,396
Majority 2,172
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Bradshaw Godber 24,188 50.8
Labour Woodrow Lyle Wyatt 21,813 45.8
Liberal Rev. Reginald Clifford Gaul 1,624 3.4
Majority 2,375 5.0
Turnout 47,625
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Bradshaw Godber 27,482 56.8
Labour Thomas Cecil Skeffington-Lodge 20,867 43.2
Majority 6,615 13.7
Turnout 48,349 81.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Joseph Bradshaw Godber 27,634 55.9
Labour Peter Horton 21,770 44.1
Majority 5,864 11.8
Turnout 49,404 78.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Joseph Bradshaw Godber 24,748 47.7
Labour Mrs. Mary Large 22,590 43.6
Liberal David C. Howie 4,503 8.7
Majority 2,158 4.2
Turnout 51,841 80.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Joseph Bradshaw Godber 33,070 58.7
Labour W. Frank Higgins 23,296 41.3
Majority 9,774 17.4
Turnout 56,366
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Grantham[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Douglas Martin Hogg 37,194 56.2 −0.9
Labour Co-op S Taggart 17,606 26.6 +6.1
Liberal Democrat James P Heppell 9,882 14.9 −6.4
Liberal JD Hiley 1,500 2.3 −19.0
Majority 19,588 29.6 −6.2
Turnout 66,182 79.2 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing −3.5

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  3. ^ Expelled from the Commons, 1581
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  21. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  24. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  26. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  27. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  28. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  29. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  30. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  31. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)