Athelstone, South Australia

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Athelstone
AdelaideSouth Australia
Population 9,289 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1852
Postcode(s) 5076
LGA(s) City of Campbelltown

Athelstone /ˈæθəlstən/ is a suburb of Adelaide in the City of Campbelltown. It was established in the 19th century but has only became part of suburban Adelaide in the second half of the 20th century.

It is approximately 10 km north-east of Adelaide's central business district. The main arterial road, Gorge Road, runs through this suburb in an east-west direction. The River Torrens, one of Adelaide's major water supplies, borders the suburb. This water source runs its way from Mount Pleasant to the sea. Gorge Road leads up into the Adelaide Hills, joining the gorge of the Kangaroo Creek Dam, and the Torrens' source. Fifth Creek (a tributary to the River Torrens) also runs through the suburb as an intermittent stream, prone to flooding in late Spring (October–December).

Athelstone is bounded by the River Torrens, Black Hill Conservation Park, Montacute Road, Stradbroke Road, Hamilton Terrace, Schulze Road and River Drive.

History[edit]

Athelstone's name comes from Athelstone house and mill; build circa 1843 to 1845. John Coulls from Helston in Cornwall bought the mill in 1845, converting it for grape crushing. He named the buildings At Helstone after his hometown. The mill and house remain, listed as State Heritage Places.[2]

The suburb (lower Athelstone) began as a village along the River Torrens. It was farmed by incoming European migrants. The shopping centre or village centre began from these settlements. Athelstone Post Office opened on 19 March 1863.[3] The Addison family held possession of the land sold to the Jesuits in the 1960s to build Saint Ignatius' College senior campus around the Upper Athelstone site. Smaller subdivisions have been created. For example, Foxfield Estate in the east, was a development of the Hickinbotham Group during the late 1970s. Other subdevelopments have also occurred.

Land has also been preserved in the process. Wadmore Park, adjoining Athelstone Oval and Black Hill Conservation Park were established as recreational and nature reserves.

Market gardening was a big part of Athelstone's development. Families such as the Tunno family migrated from Italy in the 1950s and grew a variety of bunched vegetables on a small acreage for 30 years selling it to various retailers and wholesale markets throughout Adelaide. Much of the produce grown was European in origin such as endive, spinach, chickory, and fennel. As at 1 July 2011 only one market gardener is left in Athelstone located on Maryvale Road.

Demography[edit]

The latest Australian Bureau of Statistics link ABS data for 2001 indicates Athelstone's population to be predominantly upper-middle class and totalling just over 9,150 people. There is an even spread of males and females. Over 48% of the population comprises married couples with a skew to the 35-64 year old age range. Less than 15% of the entire population of Athelstone is over 65 years old.

Some 63% of the population was born in Australia. About 36% of the population speaks other languages. Approximately 40% of the people living in Athelstone have both parents born overseas. More than 13% of Athelstone speaks Italian, over 4% speaks Greek, and just over 2% speaks Chinese.

Athelstone residents work primarily in the retail, manufacturing, health, medical, law, property / business services, education and construction sectors (in descending order) with over 66% of its workers employed in those industries.

Housing[edit]

The predominantly contemporary housing style is echoed throughout the suburb. There have been different stages in the suburb's development. Dwellings from the first half of the twentieth century housing still predominate in some sections of the suburb, with corrugated iron cladding or stone exteriors (mostly Californian bungalows).

The first contemporary housing was built in the area during the 1970s. Many of these styles have emerged as the area still has some market gardening holdings yet to be released as housing allotments. Some blocks have been subdivided for high density housing arrangements.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Athelstone (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 June 2008. 
  2. ^ National Trust Register, Register of the National Estate
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 

Coordinates: 34°52′12″S 138°42′11″E / 34.870°S 138.703°E / -34.870; 138.703