Athroisma

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Athroisma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Athroisma
DC. 1833 not Griff. 1854 (Euphorbiaceae)

Athroisma is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae family first described as a genus in 1833.[1][2] It is native to East Africa and Madagascar.[3][4]

Species[5]
  1. Athroisma boranense Cufod. - Ethiopia
  2. Athroisma fanshawei Wild - Zambia
  3. Athroisma gracile (Oliv.) Mattf. - Tanzania, Kenya
  4. Athroisma hastifolium Mattf. - Tanzania
  5. Athroisma inevitabile T.Erikss. - Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
  6. Athroisma lobatum (Klatt) Mattf. - Somalia
  7. Athroisma pinnatifidum T.Erikss. - Madagascar
  8. Athroisma proteiforme (Humbert) Mattf. - Madagascar
  9. Athroisma psilocarpum T.Erikss. - Madagascar
  10. Athroisma pusillum T.Erikss. - Kenya
  11. Athroisma stuhlmannii (O.Hoffm.) Mattf. - Tanzania
species of homonym genus

William Griffith in 1854 used the same name for a genus of very different plants, thus creating an illegitimate homonym. The World Checklist categorizes his name as a synonym of the genus Trigonostemon in the Euphorbiaceae, but makes no mention of the two species names he coined. The Plant List does list the species as unresolved, i.e. of unknown application. The two species names are[6][5][7][8]

  • Athroisma dentatum Griff. - Bay of Bengal
  • Athroisma serratum Griff. - Tenasserim region of Myanmar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1833. Archives de Botanique 2: 516
  2. ^ Tropicos, genus Athroisma DC.
  3. ^ Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N. Ravololomanana, Z.S. Rogers, C.M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden
  4. ^ Eriksson, T. 1995. The genus Athroisma (Asteraceae, Heliantheae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 119: 101–184.
  5. ^ a b The Plant List, genus Athroisma
  6. ^ Griffith, William. 1854. Posthumous papers bequeathed to the East India company, and printed by order of the government of Bengal: Notulæ ad Plantas Asiaticas 4: 477-479 in Latin
  7. ^ Tropicos, genus Athroisma Griff.
  8. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, genus Athroisma Griff.