A general view of Aubusson
|• Mayor||Michel Moine|
|Area1||19.21 km2 (7.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||23008 / 23200|
|Elevation||416–608 m (1,365–1,995 ft)
(avg. 512 m or 1,680 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Local lore previously held that the community was settled by defeated Berbers following the 8th-century Battle of Tours, but it is now established that Aubusson has existed at least since the Gallo-Roman period. The Camp des Châtres, within the town’s boundaries, for a long time considered a Roman fort, actually dates back a little further, to the Iron Age.
The town was known as Albuciensis in 936 and under the name Albuconis in 1070. The name possibly originates from a name of a man, Albucius  Other scholars claim the name is from a Celtic word meaning craggy. In the Middle Ages the town was ruled by viscounts. The vicecomital family also produced a troubadour named Joan d'Aubusson.
Aubusson is well known for its tapestry and carpets, which have been famous throughout the world since the 14th century. Its origins were born with the arrival of weavers from Flanders, who took refuge in Aubusson around 1580. There is a famous collection of Aubusson tapestries at Vallon-Pont-d'Arc. The style of the tapestries produced has changed through the centuries, from scenes of green landscapes through to hunting scenes. In the 17th Century, the Aubusson and Felletin workshops were given "Royal Appointment" status. A downturn in fortunes came after the French revolution and the arrival of wallpaper. However, tapestry made something of a comeback during the 1930s, with artists such as Cocteau, Dufy, Dali, Braque, Calder and Picasso being invited to Aubusson to express themselves through the medium of wool. Aubusson tapestry still thrives today, preserving a range of traditional skills. In 1983, l’Atelier Raymond Picaud chose Burhan Doğançay's Ribbon Series as a tapestry subject. Coventry cathedral's famous Christ in Glory tapestry, designed by artist Graham Sutherland, was woven in nearby Felletin. Installed in 1962, this was the world's largest vertical tapestry up until the 1990s.
Musée Départemental de la Tapisserie
Created in 1981, the museum exhibits nearly 600 years of tapestry creation and production. This rich collection is composed of 17th, 18th and 19th Century tapestries and carpets. As well as works from its own collection, there are also regular exhibitions of tapestries from around the world, showcasing works right up to the present day.
Centre Culturel Jean Lurcat, Avenue des Lissiers
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Maison du Tapissier
This is a permanent exhibition that is staged in an ancient Creusois house in Aubusson. The interior tells the history and traditions of tapestry as well as showing furniture of the period.
- The Clock Tower
- The old town (ancient buildings)
- Sainte-Croix church
- Ruins of the chateau (also called le Chapitre)
- The Vallenet House
In the medieval period, Aubusson was a vice-county. Its rulers were:
- Ranulf I ?-934
- Robert I 934-942
- Renaud I 942-958 (son of Ranulf I)
- Ranulf II Cabridel 958-1031
- Ranulf III 1031-1060
- Renaud III 1060-1069
- William I 1069-1106
- Renaud IV 1106-?
- Renaud V The Leper ?-1185
- Guy I 1185- ?
- Renaud VI ?-1249
- Ranulf V 1249-c. 1265
- William II (heir) 1263, lord of La Borne, La Feuillade, Monteil-au-Vicomte, Poux, Pintarion and Damoiseau (1317), started a noble line that continued with his son Renaud VIII (1317–1353) and his successors.
Around 1263/1266 the vice-county was sold to the count of La Marche.
- Jules Sandeau (1811–1883), member of the Académie française
- Alfred Assollant (1827–1886), Children’s author – “The Adventures of Captain Corcoran”. He was a notable opponent of Napoleon III.
- Camille Benassy (1887–1958), mayor of Aubusson but also a national politician.
- Jean-Joseph Sanfourche has made tapestries, one conducted in Aubusson with its forms, even the most unusual.
- André Jorrand (1921-2007), born in Aubusson and died in Belvès (grandson of Antoine Jorrand and brother of Bruno Jorrand) was magistrate, composer and organist first holder of the Holy Cross church. A street of Aubusson bears his name.
Two contemporary political figures Aubussonnaises distant origins. This is Philippe de Villiers, one grandfather, Guy of Plantadis was lord of Aubusson, and Michel Sapin counts in his mother genealogy several families of weavers and notables of the city, such as "Chaussat "the" Montlucon ", the" Rebière "or" the Seiglière. "Finally, Georges Sarre and Michel Pinton come from several families around Aubusson and were born respectively in Chénérailles and Felletin towns in the district of Aubusson.
- Anne-Marie Couderc, born 13 February 1950 in Aubusson, was secretary of State to the Prime Minister for Employment 1 Juppé government (May 18 to November 6, 1995) and Minister to the Minister of Labour and social Services for Employment in the second Juppé government (from 6 November 1995 to 4 June 1997).
Aubusson is twinned with:
- Eguisheim, France
- Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878). "Aubusson". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (9th ed.). p. 67.
- Dominique Dussot. Archeological Map of Gaul - The Creuse. Academy Académie des inscriptions et belles lettres. Paris 1989.
- Marcel Villoutreix, The names of places of the Limousin, history of a region, Association des Antiquités Historiques du Limousin, p 61, Dismiss 2002.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aubusson (Creuse).|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Aubusson.|
- "Site du Théâtre Jean Lurçat - Scène nationale" (in French).
- "Site du Musée de la Tapisserie" (in French).
- "Site sur la ville aujourd'hui" (in French).
- "Site de la ville" (in French).
- "Site sur le passé de la ville" (in French).
- "Aubusson on Quid website" (in French).
- "Localisation d'Aubusson on a map of France" (in French).
- "Map of Aubusson on Mapquest" (in French).
- "Website of the Association Les Amis de l'Orgue d'Aubusson" (in French).