Australian Food Safety Information Council

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The Australian Food Safety Information Council is a health promotion charity.[1] The Council develops consumer-targeted food safety information to address the estimated 4.1 million cases of food poisoning in Australia each year that result in 31,920 hospitalisations, 86 deaths and 1 million visits to doctors on average every year[2]

History and governance[edit]

The Council was founded in 1997 as the Food Safety Campaign Group[3] and incorporated in 1999 as the Food Safety Information Council[4] It is supported by state and territory health and food safety agencies, local government, and leading professional, industry and community organisations .[5]

The Council Chair is Cathy Moir who was appointed in March 2019[6]. Previous Chairs have been Rachelle Williams who was appointed in July 2015[7], Professor Michael Eyles who was appointed in August 2007 and his predecessor was Professor Tom McMeekin AO[citation needed]

Activities[edit]

The Food Safety Information Council provides consumer information on the handling, storage and preparation of food. They organize Australian Food Safety Week held during the second week of November each year.[8]

The Council also has a role in providing consumer advice on food recalls and emergencies such as the Listeria in rockmelons/canteloupes outbreak in March 2018[9] and frozen berries Hepatitis A recall in February 2015[10][11] They also take part in education events such as 2015 World Health Day which focussed on food safety[12]

Research topics and education[edit]

As part of its educational activities, the Food Safety Information Council has carried out consumer research into food safety knowledge. It also publicizes the results of food-related research. For example, a study by the Australian National University, published in November 2014, found in 2010 that there were an estimated 4.1 million cases of foodborne disease acquired in Australia on average each year, along with 5,140 cases of non-gastrointestinal illness. The main causes were Norovirus, pathogenic Escherichia coli, Campylobacter spp. and non-typhoidal Salmonella spp., although the causes of approximately 80% of illnesses were unknown. A question and answer fact sheet published by the Australian Department of Health together with this study references the Food Safety Information Council's consumer advice as a means of reducing food borne disease[13] Most foodborne disease outbreaks in Australia have been linked to raw or minimally cooked eggs or poultry.[14] The Food Safety Information Council estimates that one third of cases of food poisoning occur in the home[15]

Handwashing[edit]

Consumer research released in October 2019, found that more than 20% of Australians admitted that they didn’t always wash their hands after using the toilet and nearly 40% of respondents stated they didn’t always wash before handling food.[16] A further 43% of Australian adults say they don’t always wash after handing raw eggs. The research showed gender differences, as men were less likely than women to always wash hands after going to the toilet (76% of men versus 82% of women) and before touching food (59% men versus 66% women). People under age 34 were less likely to wash their hands.[16]

A previous 2007 study found that 97 per cent of Australians knew that washing their hands before handling food is essential, this compared with 54 per cent who didn’t wash their hands in 1997 – a 43 per cent improvement.[17]

Eggs[edit]

The Council’s egg survey, published in November 2019, found that 25% of Australians over the age of 18 were consuming raw or minimally cooked eggs with 12% eating them at least once a month[18]. Raw or lightly cooked egg dishes have been linked to cases of Salmonella infection in Australia[19]

Chicken[edit]

A 2012 chicken meat study found 60% of home cooks were at risk of food poisoning by washing whole poultry before it was cooked, which can spread bacteria around the kitchen. A further 16% of those surveyed incorrectly tasted chicken to see if it was cooked properly rather than using a safe meat thermometer.[20][21][22]

Date marking and cooking/storage instructions[edit]

A 2013 labelling survey found that 55% of those surveyed always read and comply with 'use by' dates and 45% always read and comply with ‘best before’ dates. Only a third (33%) of people always read and comply with storage instructions and 14% always read and comply with cooking instructions.[23][24]

Lunch boxes[edit]

A 2012 lunchbox survey found almost 80 per cent of adults take a packed lunch to work, yet many fail to make sure it’s kept cool. About 17 per cent admitted they made no effort to put their lunch in a fridge at work, and 29 per cent don’t put them in coolers even if they’re working outside.[25]

Food safety risks[edit]

An October 2015 national Australian survey[26] by OmniPoll for Australian Food Safety Week found that 71% of those Australians surveyed blamed pasteurized milk for food poisoning while 83% identified raw egg dishes as a problem and 12% even considered raw egg dishes unlikely to be a risk. The survey found that most people correctly recognised that chicken (95%), minced meat (90%) and seafood (96%) were food poisoning risks if not handled properly.

Cooking temperatures for riskier foods[edit]

An October 2016 national Australian survey by OmniPoll for Australian Food Safety Week 2017[27] showed that 70% of those surveyed reported that they didn’t know the safe cooking temperature for foods high-risk foods such as hamburgers, sausages and poultry. Of those that reported they did know the correct temperature, most were wrong with 15% saying below the safe temperature of 75°C and 9% stating it should be 100°C or more.

Listeria[edit]

2018 Omnipoll research that shows that one in three Australians are either at risk of getting the potentially fatal Listeria infection themselves or live in a household with someone at risk. This research also showed a third of these people who are at risk, or living with someone at risk, had never heard or Listeria infection and two in ten of these couldn’t name any of the foods they needed to avoid or cook to prevent Listeria infection[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charity profile: Food Safety Information Council". Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Incidence of Foodborne Illness in Australia circa 2010" (PDF). Australian Department of Health. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ Australian Parliament. "Food safety links". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Charity profile Food Safety Information Council". Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  5. ^ Food Standards Australia New Zealand. "Annual Report 2007-8". Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Food safety for election day fundraisers". Scimex. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  7. ^ "New FSIC Chair". New South Wales Food Authority. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Food poisoning bacteria can grow rapidly warns council". The Morning Bulletin. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  9. ^ ABC News https://www.abc.net.au/news/health/2018-03-19/rockmelon-listeria-outbreak-reducing-your-risk/9562940. Retrieved 4 June 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Avoiding contaminated food very difficult". SBS News. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Faeces could be behind berry outbreak". Sunshine Coast Daily. 17 February 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Consumers understanding of food safety still lacking". Beef Central. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Foodborne illness in Australia: circa 2010" (PDF). Australian Department of Health. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  14. ^ Astridge, K; McPherson, M.; Kirk, M.; et al. (2011). "'Foodborne disease outbreaks in Australia 2001-2009′". Food Australia. 63 (12): 44–50.
  15. ^ BUPA. "Food Hygiene". Archived from the original on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  16. ^ a b 10 Daily https://10daily.com.au/lifestyle/health/a191022bofwt/one-in-five-aussies-dont-wash-their-hands-after-going-to-the-loo-20191022. Retrieved 23 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ NSW Food Authority. "Media release: Top five food crimes you can avoid". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  18. ^ Food Safety News https://www.foodsafetynews.com/2019/11/one-in-four-australians-face-danger-by-eating-raw-or-undercooked-eggs/. Retrieved 26 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ ABC News https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-03-22/salmonella-enteritidis-bacteria-sparked-australian-egg-recall/10927090. Retrieved 26 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ ABC Health and Wellbeing. "Don't wash your chicken". Archived from the original on 2 December 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  21. ^ Carey, Kate (14 November 2012). "Australian food safety experts warn food poisoning from chicken is on the rise". Australian Food News. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  22. ^ news.com.au. "How to avoid food poisoning this summer". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  23. ^ Sunraysia Daily, Mildura (13 November 2013). "Food safety warnings".
  24. ^ Desmarchelier, Patricia; Juliana Madden (13 May 2013). "Cooking meat at home". Microbiology Australia. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  25. ^ Morris, Cathy (20 January 2014). "Chuck it in the fridge or just chuck it". MX Newspaper, Sydney.
  26. ^ "New survey identifies real food poisoning culprits". Australian Journal of Pharmacy. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  27. ^ "Food Quality News". Food Quality News. William Reed. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  28. ^ "Third of households at risk of Listeria". SBS News. Retrieved 4 June 2019.

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