Australian federal election, 1946
All 74 seats of the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
19 (of the 36) seats of the Senate
Federal elections were held in Australia on 28 September 1946. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition, led by Robert Menzies. It was the Liberal Party's first federal election since its creation.
The election was held in conjunction with three referendum questions, one of which was carried.
House of Representatives
- Independent: Doris Blackburn (Bourke, Vic.)
- In South Australia, the Liberal Party was known as the Liberal and Country League.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Liberal–Country joint ticket||1,561,718||38.12||N/A||3||N/A||N/A|
- Of the three senators elected on Liberal–Country joint tickets, two were Liberal Party members and one was a Country Party member.
Seats changing hands
|Bourke, Vic||Labor||Bill Bryson||3.6||4.7||1.1||Doris Blackburn||Independent|
|Calare, NSW||Labor||John Breen||9.9||11.7||1.8||John Howse||Liberal|
|Capricornia, Qld||Labor||Frank Forde||5.9||8.8||2.9||Charles Davidson||Liberal|
|Franklin, Tas||Labor||Charles Frost||9.9||10.0||0.1||Bill Falkinder||Liberal|
|Henty, Vic||Independent||Arthur Coles||5.5||9.8||4.3||Jo Gullett||Liberal|
|Reid, NSW||Labor||Charles Morgan||N/A||7.4||4.2||Jack Lang||Lang Labor|
|Swan, WA||Labor||Don Mountjoy||3.0||3.2||0.2||Len Hamilton||Country|
|Wakefield, SA||Labor||Albert Smith||1.2||3.9||2.7||Philip McBride||Liberal|
|Wilmot, Tas||Liberal||Allan Guy||1.7||3.4||1.7||Gil Duthie||Labor|
- Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.
- Candidates of the Australian federal election, 1946
- Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1946–1949
- Members of the Australian Senate, 1947–1950