Australian federal election, 1946
All 76 seats of the Australian House of Representatives
39 seats were needed for a majority in the House
19 (of the 36) seats of the Australian Senate
Federal elections were held in Australia on 28 September 1946. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Ben Chifley defeated the newly formed opposition Liberal Party of Australia (descended from the United Australia Party) led by its founder Robert Menzies with coalition partner the Country Party led by Arthur Fadden, with Labor also retaining control of the Senate.
The election was held in conjunction with three referendum questions, one of which was carried.
The radical reforming nature of Chifley's government was such that between 1946 and 1949, the Australian Parliament passed 299 Acts, a record until then, well beyond Labor's Andrew Fisher's 113 Acts from 1910 to 1913.
|Australian Labor Party||2,159,953||49.71||−0.22||43||−6|
|Liberal Party of Australia||1,241,650||28.58||+12.53||15||+3|
|Liberal & Country League (SA)||161,170||3.71||*||2||+2|
|Liberal Country Party (VIC)||28,999||0.67||−2.87||1||0|
|Australian Labor Party||WIN||54.10||−4.10||43||−6|
Independent: Doris Blackburn
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Australian Labor Party||2,133,272||52.06||−3.02||16||33||+11|
|Liberal/Country (Joint Ticket)||1,561,718||38.12||+12.47||3|
|Liberal Party of Australia||213,304||5.21||*||0||2||−10|
Seats changing hands
|Bourke, Vic||Labor||Bill Bryson||3.6||4.7||1.1||Doris Blackburn||Independent|
|Calare, NSW||Labor||John Breen||9.9||11.7||1.8||John Howse||Liberal|
|Capricornia, Qld||Labor||Frank Forde||5.9||8.8||2.9||Charles Davidson||Liberal|
|Franklin, Tas||Labor||Charles Frost||9.9||10.0||0.1||Bill Falkinder||Liberal|
|Henty, Vic||Independent||Arthur Coles||5.5||9.8||4.3||Jo Gullett||Liberal|
|Reid, NSW||Labor||Charles Morgan||N/A||7.4||4.2||Jack Lang||Lang Labor|
|Swan, WA||Labor||Don Mountjoy||3.0||3.2||0.2||Len Hamilton||Country|
|Wakefield, SA||Labor||Albert Smith||1.2||3.9||2.7||Philip McBride||Liberal|
|Wilmot, Tas||Liberal||Allan Guy||1.7||3.4||1.7||Gil Duthie||Labor|
- Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.
- Candidates of the Australian federal election, 1946
- Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1946–1949
- Members of the Australian Senate, 1947–1950