Australian federal election, 1977
The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Malcolm Fraser with coalition partner the National Country Party led by Doug Anthony, in government since 1975, was elected to a second term over the Australian Labor Party Opposition led by Opposition Leader Gough Whitlam. While the Coalition suffered a five-seat swing, it still had a substantial 48-seat majority in the House. Whitlam was unable to recover much of the ground Labor had lost in its severe defeat of two years prior, and resigned as leader shortly after the election.
|Australian Labor Party||3,141,051||39.65||−3.20||38||+2|
|Liberal Party of Australia||3,017,896||38.09||−3.71||67||−1|
|National Country Party||793,444||10.01||−1.24||19||−4|
|Australian Labor Party||45.40||+1.10||38||+2|
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Australian Labor Party||2,718,876||36.76||−4.15||14||27||0|
|Liberal/National (Joint Ticket)||2,533,882||34.26||−5.60||7|
|Liberal Party of Australia||783,878||10.60||−0.48||10||27||+1|
|National Country Party||36,619||0.50||−0.04||0||6||−2|
|Country Liberal Party||15,463||0.21||−0.01||1||1||0|
Independent: Brian Harradine
Seats changing hands
|Capricornia, Qld||National Country||Colin Carige||0.1||2.7||1.2||Doug Everingham||Labor|
|Griffith, Qld||Liberal||Donald Milner Cameron||8.0||5.0||3.5||Ben Humphreys||Labor|
|Indi, Vic||National Country||Mac Holten||N/A||22.3||5.1||Ewen Cameron||Liberal|
- Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.
Background and issues
The government offering tax cuts to voters and ran advertisements with the slogan "fistful of dollars". The tax cuts were never delivered; instead a "temporary surcharge" was imposed in 1978. The election coincided with the retirement of the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. Kerr had appeared drunk at the Melbourne Cup in November and the public outcry resulted in the cancellation of his appointment as Ambassador to UNESCO.
The 1977 election was held a year earlier than required, partly to bring elections for the House and Senate back into line. A half-Senate election had to be held by the middle of 1978, since the double dissolution election of 1975 had resulted in the terms of senators being backdated to July 1975.
Liberal Don Chipp had been dropped from the ministry after the 1975 election. He had formed a new political party, the Australian Democrats, and had announced his intention to run for the Senate. Liberal Movement senator Steele Hall resigned and was replaced by Janine Haines, but she lost her seat; however, the party gained Chipp in Victoria and Colin Mason in New South Wales, with Haines being re-elected at the next election as the new party's popularity grew.
The ALP made limited gains in the election.[clarification needed] The second Fraser Government had the second-largest parliamentary majority in Australian history after the majority it won in the 1975 election. Gough Whitlam resigned as the leader of the ALP in 1978.
This was the last Australian federal election for the House of Representatives at which no women were elected, although there were a number of women candidates. Women have been elected at every federal election from 1980 onwards.
- Candidates of the Australian federal election, 1977
- Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1977–1980
- Members of the Australian Senate, 1978–1981