Avia BH-26

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BH-26
Avia BH-26.jpg
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Avia
Designer Pavel Beneš and Miroslav Hajn
First flight 1927
Number built ca. 8

The Avia BH-26 was a two-seat armed reconnaissance aircraft built in Czechoslovakia in 1927. It was a single-bay unstaggered biplane with equal-span wings and a fixed tailskid undercarriage. Both upper and lower wings featured long-span ailerons, which were dynamically balanced by a small auxiliary airfoil mounted to the upper surface of the lower ailerons. Its design was typical of this type of aircraft built during World War I and the years following; pilot and observer sat in tandem open cockpits with the observer armed with a machine gun on a ring mount. As with many other Avia designs, the BH-26 originally had no fixed fin, only a rudder, but this was changed in service.

Specifications[edit]

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 - pilot and observer
  • Length: 8.93 m (29 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 31 m2 (330 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,760 kg (3,880 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 380 kg (840 lb) fuel and oil
  • Powerplant: 1 × Walter-built Bristol Jupiter 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 340 kW (450 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 250 km/h (155 mph; 135 kn)
  • Stall speed: 90 km/h (56 mph; 49 kn)
  • Range: 530 km (329 mi; 286 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,600 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 6.3 m/s (1,240 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude: 5,000 m (16,000 ft) in 13 minutes 20 seconds; 6,000 m (20,000 ft) in 17 minutes 30 seconds; 7,000 m (23,000 ft) in 27 minutes
  • Wing loading: 55.6 kg/m2 (11.4 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.205 kW/kg (0.125 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: 2x fixed, forward-firing, synchronised 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Vickers machine-guns in the forward fuselage upper decking and 2x 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Lewis guns on a flexible mount in the rear cockpit.

See also[edit]

Related development BH-28

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 76c. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 86. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 889 Sheet 86. 
  • Němeček, Vaclav (1968). Československá letadla (in Czech). Praha: Naše Vojsko. 

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