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Also known asEight Methods
FocusStriking, weapons training
Country of originChina China
CreatorLi De Mao
ParenthoodFanziquan, San Huang Pao Chui, Tán Tuǐ, Tongbeiquan, Xingyiquan
Olympic sportNo

Ba Fa, or Eight Methods, is a Chinese martial art developed by Li De Mao (李德茂) during the Qing dynasty.[1] He combined the techniques of Fanziquan (翻子), Paochui (炮捶), Tantui (弹腿), Tongbeiquan (劈挂) and Xingyiquan (形意) into a new style based on the theory of eight methods (八法).[2][3] The eight methods are: outer trap, inner trap and stab, flick, support, shake, chop and reel. (攔、拿、扎、崩、托、抖、劈、纏) This style includes both single forms, pair training,[4] as well as weapon training such as spear, saber and sword. Eight Methods Big Spear (Da Qiang, 大枪), also known as the Big Pole, is a specialty of this style. This technique first appeared in 1906, just before the Revolution of 1911. It combines the methods of the Yue-family spear (岳家槍), Pear-flower Spear (梨花槍) and Liuhe Spear (六合槍) with principles of the eight methods. It is also design to work on foot or on horse back.[5]

Ba Fa Quan is popular in regions such as Shanxi (山西), Datong (大同), Inner Mongolia (Nei Menggu 内蒙古) and Yuencheng City.[6]


  1. ^ Guido Sieverling (2015). Das Lexikon des Kämpfens: Begriffe und Erklärungen aus Kampfsport, Kampfkunst und Selbstverteidigung. BoD – Books on Demand. ISBN 38-370-3558-1.
  2. ^ Wu Shijun (武世俊),(2001), "Bafa Quan, Bafa Qiang" (八法拳·八法枪), 人民体育出版社, ISBN 7500920571
  3. ^ Wu Shijun (武世俊 ),(2006), "Bafa Quan", Guangzhou Beauty Culture Communication Co.Ltd, ASIN B000LP525C
  4. ^ Wu Shijun,(2006), "Pair Practice of Bafa Quan" (八法拳实战对练), Guangzhou Beauty Culture Communication Co.Ltd, ASIN B000LP523Y
  5. ^ Wu Shijun,(2006), "Eight Technique Big Spear and Its Combat Skills", Guangzhou Beauty Culture Communication Co.Ltd, ASIN B000LP5252
  6. ^ Wu Bin, Li xingdong and Yu Gongbao(1992), "Essentials of Chinese Wushu", Foreign Language Press, Beijin, ISBN 7-119-01477-3