Bahder Djohan

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Bahder Djohan
Bahder Djohan Suara Rakyat 2 Apr 1952 p1.jpg
Djohan, 1952
6th National Education Minister of Indonesia
In office
September 6, 1950 – March 20, 1951
President Soekarno
Preceded by Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro
Succeeded by Wongsonegoro
In office
April 3, 1952 – July 30, 1953
President Soekarno
Preceded by Wongsonegoro
Succeeded by Mohammad Yamin
Personal details
Born (1902-07-30)30 July 1902
Netherlands Padang, Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia)
Died 8 March 1981(1981-03-08)
Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
Spouse(s) Siti Zairi
Children Ilya Waleida
Residence J. Kimia No. 9 Menteng, Jakarta 10320
Alma mater STOVIA
Religion Islam

Bahder Djohan (Padang, July 30, 1902 - Jakarta, March 8, 1981) was the 6th Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia. He served in the Natsir and Wilopo Cabinets.

Background[edit]

Bahder Djohan was the 5 10 children of Mohamad Rapal (Soetan Boerhanoedin) and Lisah. Bahder's father was a prosecutor. Bahder Djohan was styled Marah Besar when marrying Siti Zairi Yaman.

Education[edit]

Bahder initially attended a Malay school in Kampung Pondok, Padang. In 1910, he followed his father to Payakumbuh. In 1913, Bahder attended 1e Klasse Inlandsche School (First Class Indies School) in Bukittinggi. There, he met Mohammad Hatta, later became his close friend. He only attended school in Bukittinggi for two years before moving to Hollands-Indische School (Dutch Indies School) in Padang. In 1917, Bahder completed his education in HIS and continued his education to Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs (junior high school) in the same city.

In 1919, Bahder attended STOVIA in Batavia (now Jakarta) for 8 years, and lived in a dormitory located in the faculty complex. In November 12, 1927, he graduated from STOVIA and received his medical degree.

Career[edit]

In his youth, Bahder was one of Jong Sumatranen Bond's leader. He was actively involved in Youth Pledge. In the First Youth Pledge, Bahder delivered a speech about women's position. His speech "Di Tangan Wanita (In the Hand of Women) was banned by Dutch colonial government.[1]

In the Independence era, Bahder was elected Minister of Education and Culture in Natsir (1950–1951) and Wilopo Cabinet (1952–1953). In 1953, he was appointed President of Central Hospital of Jakarta (now Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central Hospital). Then, he was elected Rector of University of Indonesia, however in 1958, before his term of office ended, Bahder resigned following his disagreement with Indonesian government suppressing Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia by means of war.[2]

Scouting[edit]

In September 1951 thirteen of the stronger Scouting organizations met and decided to found a federating body to satisfy national and international needs. Ikatan Pandu Indonesia - Ipindo for short - came into being. Tuan Soemardjo was elected chief commissioner, and Dr. Djohan, an old Scout, became honorary President.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Djohan, Bahder, Bahder Djohan Pengabdi Kemanusiaan, PT Gunung Agung, Jakarta, 1980
  • Hatta, Mohammad, Mohammad Hatta Memoir, Tinta Mas Jakarta, 1979

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Bahder Djohan, Stien Adam, Darsjaf Rachman, Di Tangan Wanita, Idayu, 1975
  2. ^ Tempo, March 14, 1981
  3. ^ John S. Wilson (1959), Scouting Round the World. First edition, Blandford Press. p. 254
Preceded by
Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro
Minister of Education and Culture
1950—1951
Succeeded by
Wongsonegoro
Preceded by
Wongsonegoro
Minister of Education and Culture
1952—1953
Succeeded by
Mohammad Yamin