Banatul Philharmonic of Timișoara

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The Banatul State Philharmonic Orchestra is a musical institution in Timișoara, Romania. It comprises a symphony orchestra, professional chorus, and various chamber groups.

The Philharmonic Society (German: Philharmonische Verein) was founded in 1871 in Temesvár, Austria-Hungary (now Timișoara). Conductors included Heinrich Weidt, Martin Novácek, and Bruno Walter (1898-1899). Performers in Timișoara during this period included, as pianists Béla Bartók and Johannes Brahms; baritone Gheorghe Dima; cellist David Popper; and the violinists Leopold Auer, George Enescu, Joseph Joachim, Jan Kubelík, František Ondříček, Pablo de Sarasate, and Henryk Wieniawski.[1][2]

In 1947 the orchestra was renamed the Banatul State Philharmonic, and eventually simply the Banatul Philharmonic.[1]

Conductors of the Banatul Philharmonic have included George Pavel, Mircea Popa, Nicolae Boboc, Alexandru Șhumsky, Remus Georgescu, Paul Popescu, and Petru Oschanitzky.[1] Gheorghe Costin and Radu Popu are the current permanent conductors.[3] Guest conductors have included Kurt Herbert Adler, Roberto Benzi, Anatole Fistoulari, Kiril Kondrashin, Stanisław Wisłocki, and Adone Zecchi.[1] Jean-François Antonioli was Principal Guest Conductor from 1993 to 2002.

Guest soloists with the orchestra have included pianists Dimitri Bashkirov, Julius Katchen, and Rudolf Kerer; violinists Ivry Gitlis, Gidon Kremer, Yehudi Menuhin, Vladimir Spivakov, and Josef Suk; and cellists Miloš Sádlo and Daniil Shafran.[1]

Other performers in Timișoara have included pianists Annie Fischer, Artur Rubinstein, and Carlo Zecchi; violinists Bronisław Huberman, Fritz Kreisler, Jacques Thibaud, and Eugène Ysaÿe; and cellists Pablo Casals and Gregor Piatigorsky.[1] More recently vibraphonist Eldad Tarmu has played there.[citation needed]

The orchestra has visited many European countries, including Austria, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the former Yugoslavia.[1][2]

Recordings[edit]

  • Ferruccio Busoni • Selected Orchestral Suites
    • Contents:
      • Die Brautwahl Suite, op. 45 (1912) BV 261
      • Geharnischte Suite [Armored Suite] op. 34a (Second Orchestral Suite) (1895, 1903) BV 242
    • Conductor: Jean-François Antonioli
    • Label and catalog information: Timpani Records 1C1054 (1 CD, DDD, 64 min; released 1999)
    • Recording location and date: Salle Ion Vidu, Timișoara, September 1998.
    • Note: Reviewed favorably by Michael Oliver in Gramophone.[4]
  • Jean Perrin • Selected Works
    • Contents:
      • De Profundis, op. 26
      • Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 27
    • Conductor: Jean-François Antonioli
    • Label and catalog information: Claves CD50-9315 (1 CD, DDD, 73 min;[5] also available as a digital download.[6])
    • Note: Reviewed by AW in Gramophone, April 1994.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Viorel Cosma, "Timișoara" in Sadie, Stanley; John Tyrrell, eds. (2001). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition. NewYork: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-239-0.
  2. ^ a b Booklet accompanying Timpani Records CD 1C1054.
  3. ^ Organigrama Filarmonicii Banatul Timișoara (Romanian). Accessed 2 November 2009
  4. ^ Gramophone, May 2000, p. 54. Accessed 31 October 2009.
  5. ^ a b Gramophone, April 1994, p. 92. Accessed 31 October 2009.
  6. ^ Amazon.com product page. Accessed 31 October 2009.

External links[edit]