Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station
|Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station|
|Owner(s)||State Grid Henan Baoquan Pumped Storage Co.|
|Pumped-storage power station|
|Upper reservoir||Baoquan Upper Reservoir|
|Upper res. capacity||8,270,000 m3 (6,705 acre·ft)|
|Lower reservoir||Baoquan Reservoir|
|Lower res. capacity||16,500,000 m3 (13,377 acre·ft)|
|Hydraulic head||562.5 m (1,845 ft)|
|Pump-generators||4 x 300 MW (400,000 hp) Francis pump turbines|
|Nameplate capacity||1,200 MW (1,600,000 hp)|
|Annual output||2,010 million kWh|
The Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station is a pumped-storage hydroelectric power station located 34 kilometres (21 mi) northeast of Jiaozuo in Henan Province, China. It was constructed between June 2004 and December 2011 and has a 1,200 megawatts (1,600,000 hp) installed capacity. The power station operates by shifting water between an upper and lower reservoir to generate electricity.
Upper Baoquan Reservoir
The Upper Baoquan Reservoir was formed by excavating a valley 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) above the lower reservoir and constructing a 94.8 metres (311 ft) tall concrete-face rock-fill dam. The walls around the reservoir are blanketed with concrete and asphalt. The upper reservoir has a 8,270,000 cubic metres (6,700 acre·ft) storage capacity of which 6,200,000 cubic metres (5,000 acre·ft) can be used for power generation.
The lower reservoir was formed by raising the height of the existing Lower Baoquan Dam while the Upper Baoquan Reservoir is located in a valley above the north side of the lower reservoir. During periods of low energy demand, such as at night, water is pumped from Baoquan Reservoir up to the upper reservoir. When energy demand is high, the water is released back down to the lower reservoir but the pump turbines that pumped the water up now reverse mode and serve as generators to produce electricity. The process is repeated as necessary and the plant serves as a peaking power plant.
The lower reservoir can store up to 16,500,000 cubic metres (13,400 acre·ft) of water. The drop in elevation between the upper and lower reservoir affords a hydraulic head of 562.5 metres (1,845 ft). While generating electricity, the pump-generators produce 2,010 million kWh annually but consumes 2,642 million kWh when pumping. Pumping when energy is low in demand and cheap helps cover the excess cost.
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- "Henan Baoquan pumped storage power station fully operational". Free Paper. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- "Baoquan Pumped Storage Power Station" (in Chinese). HydroChina Corp. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- "Baoquan Pumped Storage Station" (in Chinese). Water Conservancy and Hydropower College, Zhejiang. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2012.