Baring (1801 Indiaman)
|Operator:||1801-1814: British East India Company (EIC)|
|Fate:||No longer listed after 1820|
|General characteristics |
|Tons burthen:||820, 819 41⁄94, 842, or 878 (bm)|
|Beam:||36 ft 0 1⁄2 in (10.986 m)|
|Depth of hold:||14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)|
Baring was a three-decker East Indiaman that made six voyages to India for the British East India Company (EIC) between 1802 and 1814. Her owners then sold her and under new owners she made two voyages transporting convicts to Australia. Her last appearance in Lloyd's Register is in 1820.
Voyage 1 (1802-1803)
Captain Dixon Meadows left Portsmouth on 1 March 1802, bound for Madras and Bengal. Baring reached Madeira on 14 March and Madras on 5 July, and arrived at Diamond Harbour on 17 July. For her return voyage, she passed Saugor on 12 January 1803, reached Madras on 13 March, St Helena on 8 August, and Cork, Ireland, on 1 December. She arrived at Long Reach on 15 December.
Voyage 2 (1804-1806)
Dixon left Portsmouth Portsmouth on 10 July 1804, bound for Bengal and Madras. St Helena 21 Mar 1806 - 14 Jun Downs. Because Baring was traveling during wartime, the Napoleonic Wars having started in 1803, Dixon arranged to sail under a letter of marque, dated 5 June 1804. The letter authorized him to engage in offensive action against the French, should the opportunity arise, and not just defensive action. On her return voyage she left Madras on 8 September, together with Airly Castle, Duke of Montrose, Lord Hawkesbury, and Devaynes, and under escort by HMS Weymouth, herself a former Indiaman. Baring reached St Helena on 21 March 1806 and arrived at the Downs on 14 June.
Voyage 3 (1807-1808
Captain James Carnegie sailed from Portsmouth on 4 March 1807, bound for Madras and Bengal. A change of master meant the necessity of a new letter of marque. Carnegie's letter was dated 25 June 1807. Because Carnegie remained Baring's master until the end of the war, he did not require a reissue of a letter on his later voyages. Baring reached Madras on 5 July, and Saugor on 29 July. Homeward bound she reached Madras on 22 October, the Cape on 30 December, and St Helena on 25 January 1808. She arrived at Purfleet on 11 April.
Voyage 4 (1809-1810)
Carnegie left Portsmouth on 24 February 1809, bound for Madras and Bengal. Baring reached Madeira on 8 March and Madras on 5 July, and arrived at Diamond Harbour on 19 July. Homeward bound, she passed Saugor on 17 October, reached Vizagapatam on 31 December, Madras on 13 January 1810, Colombo on 3 February, and St Helena on 3 May. She arrived at Long Reach on 8 July.
Voyage 5 (1811-1812)
Carnegie left Torbay on 12 May 1811, bound for Madras and Bengal. Baring reached Madras on 10 September and arrived at Diamond Harbour on 15 October. Homeward bound, she passed Saugor on 6 December, reached 8 Jan Vizagapatam on 8 January 1812, Madras on 25 January, and St Helena on 11 May. She arrived at Gravesend on 25 July.
Voyage 6 (1813-1814)
Carnegie left Portsmouth on 29 January 1813, bound for Madras and Bengal. Baring reached Madeira on 19 February, the Cape on 8 May, and Madras on 5 July, arriving at Diamond Harbour on 13 August. On the return voyage she passed Saugor on 29 October, reached Point de Galle on 29 December, the cape on 1 March 1814, and St Helena on 18 March. She arrived at Long Reach on 1 June.
Her owners sold to J.W. Buckle & Co., London. Buckle & Co. proceeded to charter Baring out as a convict transport.
First convict voyage (1815)
Under the command of John Lamb, Baring left England on 20 April 1815 with 300 male convicts. A detachment from the 34th Regiment of Foot provided the guards. She sailed via Madeira and Rio de Janeiro and arrived at Port Jackson on 17 September. Two male convicts died on the voyage. Baring left Port Jackson on 6 November bound for Calcutta. In Australia Lamb was able to load a cargo of coal, that added to his income from the voyage.
Second convict voyage (1819-1820)
On her second convict voyage, also under the command of John Lamb, Baring left the Downs on 27 January 1819 with 300 male convicts. She sailed via Madeira and Hobart Town and arrived at Port Jackson on 26 June. Five male convicts died on the voyage; she left five who were sick, one of whom died later, at Hobart Town. On this voyage too Lamb returned via Calcutta.
While sailing from Port Jackson to Bengal, Lamb and Baring spent three days in the Baring Shoals, a cluster of detached reefs and banks near Booby and Bellona Shoals and reefs in the Chesterfield Islands after leaving New South Wales. Baring shoals includes an island at . During the three days Lamb took numerous soundings to determine depths.
On his second return to London, in June 1820, Buckle & Co. appointed Lamb to command of their merchant ship Palmyra. John Lamb was the brother of James Thomas Lamb, who in 1817 sailed another Buckle vessel, Lord Eldon, which too transported convicts to New South Wales. Lloyd's Register for 1821 no longer has a listing for Baring. The Register of Shipping carries an entry for her with Lamb, master, and trade London—New South Wales to 1824.
Citations and references
- British Library: Baring (1).
- Hackman (2001), p.64.
- Bateson (1974).
- Letter of Marque,"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-10-07. - accessed 14 May 2011.
- Lloyd's List №4293.
- "Arrival of Vessels at Port Jackson, and their Departure". Australian Town and Country Journal, Saturday 3 January 1891, p.16. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Holcomb (2014), p.185.
- Horsburgh (1841), Vol. 1, p.732.
- Register of Shipping (1824), Seq. №50.
- Bateson, Charles, The Convict Ships, 1787-1868, Sydney, 1974. ISBN 0-85174-195-9
- Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0-905617-96-7
- Holcomb, Janette (2014) Early Merchant Families of Sydney: Speculation and Risk Management on the Fringes of Empire. (Anthem Press). ISBN 978-1783081257
- Horsburgh, James (1841) The India Directory, Or, Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the Interjacent Ports of Africa and South America: Comp. Chiefly from Original Journals of the Honourable Company's Ships, and from Observations and Remarks, Resulting from the Experience of Twenty-one Years in the Navigation of Those Seas, Volume 1. (W.H. Allen and Company).