Diamond Harbour

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Diamond Harbour
City
Diamond Harbour Municipality
Diamond Harbour Municipality
Diamond Harbour is located in West Bengal
Diamond Harbour
Diamond Harbour
Location in West Bengal
Diamond Harbour is located in India
Diamond Harbour
Diamond Harbour
Location in India
Coordinates: 22°11′55″N 88°12′08″E / 22.1987°N 88.2023°E / 22.1987; 88.2023Coordinates: 22°11′55″N 88°12′08″E / 22.1987°N 88.2023°E / 22.1987; 88.2023
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
Established1982; 37 years ago (1982)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyDiamond Harbour Municipality
Area
 • Total10.36 km2 (4.00 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total41,802
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
743331
Telephone code+91 3174 255/256/257
Vehicle registrationWB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyDiamond Harbour
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDiamond Harbour
Websitewww.diamondharbourmunicipality.org

Diamond Harbour is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is situated on the eastern banks of the Hooghly River where the river meets the Bay of Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Diamond Harbour subdivision and also the seat for the district's Sub-Divisional Court. The Diamond Harbour Police District is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

History[edit]

Earlier known as Hajipur, this locality was named Diamond Harbour by the British. It used to be considered a safe resting spot for oceangoing ships and had views of the river. After the Rupnarayan River joins the Hooghli River, the river bends south and widens out to a form a huge expanse of water. A little further down, the Haldi River joins it.

In earlier days Diamond Harbour was a stronghold of Portuguese pirates. The ruins of the fort of Chingrikhali (locally known as Purano Kella) can still be seen. There is an old lighthouse nearby.

Geography[edit]

Hoogly River and The Marine Drive at Diamond Harbour

Diamond Harbour city is located at 22°11′55″N 88°12′08″E / 22.1987°N 88.2023°E / 22.1987; 88.2023. It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India, Diamond Harbour city had a total population of 41,802, of which 21,050 (50%) were males and 20,752 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 3,688. The total number of literates was 32,753 (85.93% of the population over 6 years).[1]

As of 2001 Census of India, Diamond Harbour city had a total population of 37,238. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. It has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77% and, female literacy is 67%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.[2]

Civic Administration[edit]

There is a Diamond Harbour Municipality. It is divided into 16 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.

Nearby places[edit]

A Boat During Sunset at Diamond Harbour

This city with a picturesque setting is the gateway to the south-western part of the district leading to such places as Gangasagar, Kakdwip, Namkhana and Bakkhali. Gangasagar is a Hindu pilgrimage site where Hindus perform ablutions to wash away their sins. Bakkhali is gaining in popularity as a beach resort. There is a five star hotel with a panoramic view of the river at Raichak. Jetties at Diamond Harbour city, Raichak and Nurpur provide steamer service to the other bank of the wide river estuary. There are few heritage places like Village Bolshiddhi's Shiv Temple i.e. 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Diamond Harbour city.

Port development[edit]

Diamond harbour port ship

The area being in the proximity of the Bay of Bengal, there is scope for development of ports and shipping activity. The special economic zone at Falta is one of the eight such zones of the Government of India. It has container-handling jetty. The Government of West Bengal proposes to construct a minor port at Kulpi with facilities for handling containers.

As large oceangoing ships with full load of goods cannot enter the river ports at Kolkata and Haldia, the need for a seaport in the area has been felt for a long time. Such a future port would obviously be located at south of Diamond Harbour city but would enhance the importance of the place as a base for the port.

Kolkata Port Trust is considering construction of cargo handling jetties at Diamond Harbour city.[3]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Chingrikhali Fort (Purano Kella)
  • Lighthouse
  • South Bengal Museum at Noongola nearby Diamond Harbour Girls' High School.
  • Famous Fish Market (Nagendra Bazar)
  • Naval Camp.
  • Swiss Gate.
  • S.D.O. Ground
  • River Side
  • Choto nodir paar
  • College ground
  • Harindanga Kaali temple
  • Station bazar Market
  • LAL-POLE: A steel-structure bridge made in British era.

Transport[edit]

NH–12 at Diamond Harbour River Side

Diamond Harbour is well connected by railway and roadway. Diamond Harbour railway station connects the city with Sealdah railway station by Sealdah–Diamond Harbour line which connects the metropolis of Kolkata with the rest of India. Bus service is available towards Kolkata through NH 12. Other important communication is ferry service between Kukrahati (Purba Medinipur district) and Diamond Harbour on the river of the Ganges (Hooghly river).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "The Statesman 1 October 2006". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2007.

External links[edit]