Barkat Virani

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Barkat Virani
Goregaon, 1981
Goregaon, 1981
Native name
બરકતઅલી ગુલામહુસેન વીરાણી
BornBarkat Ali Ghulam Hussain Virani
(1923-11-25)November 25, 1923
Ghanghli, near Sihor, Bhavnagar
DiedJanuary 2, 1994(1994-01-02) (aged 70)
Mumbai
Pen nameBefam
OccupationPoet, Novelist, Short story writer
LanguageGujarati
NationalityIndian
GenreGhazal, Novel, Short story
Notable works
  • Ghata (1970)
  • Pyas (1980)
SpouseRukaiya ( 1952 - 1994), his death
ChildrenSohail Barkat Ali Virani, Nayyar Barkat Ali Virani
RelativesShayda (father in law)

Signature

Barkat Ali Ghulam Hussain Virani, known by his pen name Befaam,[1] was Gujarati author and poet especially known for his ghazals.[2]

Life[edit]

Barkat Ali was born on 25 November 1923 in Ghanghli village near Sihor in Bhavnagar district. He was interested in literature since age of fourteen when he wrote his first ghazal.[3] He completed his primary and secondary education from Bhavnagar. He was taught poetry by Kismat Kureshi. He left matriculation to participate in 1942 Quit India Movement. He moved to Mumbai in 1945 on suggestion of Shayda. He met Mareez there and later employed at Aakashvani radio. He married Rukaiya, the elder daughter of Shayda, in 1952. He died on 2 January 1994 in Mumbai.[4]

He was associated with Gujarati cinema. He appeared in Gujarati film Mangalfera (1949) and wrote lyrics of several film songs; Akhand Saubhagyavati (1963), Kulvadhu (1997), Jalam Sang Jadeja, Snehbandhan.[5][6][7][8][9]

Works[edit]

He published Ghazal poetry collections; Mansar (1960), Ghata (1970), Pyas (1980), Parab.[10] He has also written short stories, stage plays, radio plays and film songs.[3][4] His several songs are popular across Gujarat such as "Nayanne Bandh Rakhine", "Thay Sarkhamni To Utarata Chhie", "Milan na Deepak Sahu Buzai Gaya Chhe".[8] Aag Ane Ajawala (1956) and Jivta Soor are two of his Short story collection while Rangsugandh part 1-2 (1966) is a novel by him.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amaresh Datta (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. p. 1390. ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0.
  2. ^ Smt. Hiralaxmi Navanitbhai Shah Dhanya Gurjari Kendra (2007). Gujarat. Gujarat Vishvakosh Trust. p. 392.
  3. ^ a b Poet. K. Srinivas. 1974. p. 128.
  4. ^ a b સુરેશ (25 November 2006). "બેફામ, Befam". ગુજરાતી પ્રતિભા પરિચય (in Gujarati). Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  5. ^ Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1994–. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7.
  6. ^ Manjulal Ranchhodlal Majmudar (1965). Cultural History of Gujarat. Popular Prakashan. p. 96.
  7. ^ Indian Films. B. V. Dharap. 1974. p. 271.
  8. ^ a b DeshGujarat (2 January 2011). "Veteran Gujarati singer/musician Shri Dilip Dholakia passes away". DeshGujarat. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  9. ^ "બરકત વિરાણી 'બેફામ' 2 જાન્યુઆરી". Abhyaskram (in Gujarati). 25 November 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  10. ^ Mansukhlal Maganlal Jhaveri (1978). History of Gujarati Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 211.
  11. ^ "Virani Barkat Ali Ghulam Hussain". Gujarati Sahitya Kosh (Encyclopedia of Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Gujarati Sahitya Parishad. 1990. p. 545.

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