Barsinghausen is the site of an old double monastery (“Kloster Barsinghausen”) that was established during the High Middle Ages. At that time, fertile loess soil and a number of influent streams to river Südaue constituted a central fundament for farming and numerous windmills in Calenberg Land. Barsinghausen became a coal mining town between 1871 and 1957. After World War II, other sectors of industry began to dominate Barsinghausen's economy.
Barsinghausen is home to “Kloster Barsinghausen” a nunnery first mentioned in 1193 AD (now a Lutheran women's convent, to Monastery Church St. Mary (“Marienkirche”), to the Deister Open Air Theater (“Deister Freilichtbühne”), to the exhibition mine “Klosterstollen”, to Sport Hotel Fuchsbachtal and to Lower Saxony's Soccer Association.