Wurzen

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Wurzen
Wurzen1.JPG
Coat of arms of Wurzen
Coat of arms
Wurzen is located in Germany
Wurzen
Wurzen
Location of Wurzen within Leipzig district
Wurzen in L.svg
Coordinates: 51°22′N 12°43′E / 51.367°N 12.717°E / 51.367; 12.717Coordinates: 51°22′N 12°43′E / 51.367°N 12.717°E / 51.367; 12.717
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Leipzig
Government
 • Mayor Jörg Röglin (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 68.54 km2 (26.46 sq mi)
Elevation 124 m (407 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 16,220
 • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04808
Dialling codes 03425, 034261
Vehicle registration L, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR
Website www.wurzen.de

Wurzen (German pronunciation: [ˈvʊɐ̯tsn̩]) is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Mulde, here crossed by two bridges, 25 km east of Leipzig, by rail N.E. of Leipzig on the main line via Riesa to Dresden. It has a cathedral dating from the twelfth century, a castle, at one time a residence of the bishops of Meissen and later utilized as law courts, several schools, an agricultural college and as a police station including a prison.

History[edit]

Founded after 600 by Slavs, Wurzen is first mentioned in the act of donation from Otto I in 961 as a "Burgward" civitas vurcine. Situated in the "anderen Gau Neletici", it was a town early in the twelfth century when Herwig, bishop of Meissen, founded a Collegiate church here. In 1581 it passed to the elector of Saxony. During the Thirty Years' War (1637) it was sacked by the Swedish army and almost burned down completely.

In 1768 Goethe travelled from Leipzig to Dresden and back through Wurzen. The long waiting for the ferry inspired him later a passage in his first edition of Faust.

On 31 July 1838 Wurzen was connected with Wurzen railway station to the first German long distance railway (Leipzig–Dresden, opened 7 April 1839). Therefore, the first German railway bridge was constructed to cross the Mulde.

Like in comparable cities of the former GDR, the city saw right-wing influence and right-wing motivated violence in the 1990s. However, there has been an active network of antifascist groups, civil society groups for democracy and church-related groups working against this - also with the support of the city administration.

Via regia and Central German St. James Way[edit]

Wurzen is located on the central German route of the St. James pilgrims way to Santiago de Compostela, the so called Camino de Santiago. It follows the old Via Regia street which has been designated a Cultural Route of the Council of Europe in 2005.

International relations[edit]

Wurzen is twinned with:

Economy[edit]

A commercial main focus is the production of pastries and candies. Furthermore, there are several high-performance medium-sized businesses in mechanical engineering and some specialty companies in town (conveying machinery, lighting design, production of felt).

Main sights[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Magnus Gottfreid Lichtwer
Otto Georg Thierack

Persons with relation to Wurzen[edit]

Wilhelm Hasenclever

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wurzen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

External links[edit]