Bathycoccus prasinos

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Bathycoccus prasinos
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Viridiplantae
Division: Chlorophyta
Class: Mamiellophyceae
Order: Mamiellales
Family: Bathycoccaceae
Genus: Bathycoccus
Species: B. prasinos
Binomial name
Bathycoccus prasinos
Eikrem & Throndsen

Bathycoccus prasinos is a picoplankton belonging to the order Mamiellales, along with Ostreococcus and Micromonas. The cells are around 1-2 μm in length, are non-motile and are covered in scales.


The small genome (15 Mb) was recently sequenced [1] and many of the genes are related to plants, though there is significant horizontal gene transfer from other eukaryotes. There are 19 chromosomes, two of which have a significantly different GC-content.


  1. ^ Hervé Moreau; Bram Verhelst; Arnaud Couloux; Evelyne Derelle; Stephane Rombauts; Nigel Grimsley; Michiel Van Bel; Julie Poulain; Michaël Katinka; Martin F Hohmann-Marriott; Gwenael Piganeau; Pierre Rouzé; Corinne Da Silva; Patrick Wincker; Yves Van de Peer; Klaas Vandepoele (2012). "Gene functionalities and genome structure in Bathycoccus prasinos reflect cellular specializations at the base of the green lineage". Genome Biology. 13: R74. doi:10.1186/gb-2012-13-8-r74. PMC 3491373Freely accessible. PMID 22925495. 

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