|Woodward's batis, Batis fratrum|
F. Boie, 1833
Batis (pronounced BAT-iss) is a genus of passerine birds in the wattle-eye family. Its species are resident in Africa south of the Sahara. They were previously classed as a subfamily of the Old World flycatcher family, Muscicapidae.
They are small stout insect-eating birds, usually found in open forests or bush. The nest is a small neat cup low in a tree or bush. They hunt by flycatching, or by taking prey from the ground like a shrike.
Batis species are strikingly patterned, typically with a grey crown, black eye mask, dark back, and paler underparts, often with a coloured or black breast band and white on the throat which contrasts strongly with the black eye stripe. Male and female plumages usually differ.
The song is typically a descending triple whistle.
The genus Batis was introduced by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1833. The type species was subsequently designated as the Cape batis. The name of the genus is from the Ancient Greek batis, batidos, a unidentified worm-eating bird mentioned by Aristole.
The genus contains 19 species.
- Rwenzori batis, Batis diops
- Margaret's batis, Batis margaritae
- Forest batis, Batis mixta
- Reichenow's batis, Batis reichenowi
- Dark batis, Batis crypta
- Cape batis, Batis capensis
- Woodward's batis, Batis fratrum
- Chinspot batis, Batis molitor
- Senegal batis, Batis senegalensis
- Grey-headed batis, Batis orientalis
- Pale batis, Batis soror
- Pririt batis, Batis pririt
- Eastern black-headed batis, Batis minor
- Western black-headed batis, Batis erlangeri
- Pygmy batis, Batis perkeo
- Angolan batis, Batis minulla
- Gabon batis, Batis minima
- Ituri batis, Batis ituriensis
- Fernando Po batis, Batis poensis
- West African batis, Batis poensis occulta
- Boie, Friedrich (1833). "Fernere Vemertungen über Classification der Vögel". Isis von Oken (in German). 26. Col 876-884 .
- Mayr, Ernst; Cottrell, G. William, eds. (1986). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 11. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 378.
- Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E., eds. "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Batises, woodshrikes, bushshrikes, vangas". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- Fjeldså, Jon; Bowie, Rauri C.K.; Kiure, Jacob (2006). "The forest batis, Batis mixta, is two species: description of a new, narrowly distributed Batis species in the Eastern Arc biodiversity hotspot" (PDF). Journal of Ornithology. 147 (4): 578–590. doi:10.1007/s10336-006-0082-4.
- Sinclair, Ian; Hockey, Phil; Tarboton, Warwick (2002). SASOL Birds of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik. ISBN 1-86872-721-1.