Battambang Province

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Battambang countryside
Battambang countryside
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Country  Cambodia
Capital Battambang
 • Governor Chan Sophal (CPP)
 • Total 11,702.0 km2 (4,518.2 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 5th
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,036,523
 • Rank Ranked 4th
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 12th
Time zone Cambodia Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code KH-2

Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង, IPA: [ˌɓat ɗɑm ˈɓɑːŋ], "Loss of Staff") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest. Bordering provinces are Banteay Meanchey to the north, Pursat to the east and south, Siem Reap to the northeast, and Pailin to the west. The northern and southern extremes of the province's western boundaries form part of the international border with Thailand. In addition, Tonle Sap forms part of the northeastern boundary between Siem Reap and Pursat. Its capital and largest city is Battambang.

With a population of 1,036,523, it ranks as the fourth most populous province. In land area, Battambang is the fifth largest province of Cambodia. Battambang is one of the provinces included in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[1] The province's fertile rice fields have led to a mostly agricultural economy giving rise to the moniker "the Rice Bowl of Cambodia". The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources. Seventy five percent of the area is jungles and mountains. The area has a tropical climate.


Battambang literally means "Loss of Staff" in Khmer, referring to the local legend of Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung. Stone inscriptions discovered from pre-Angkorian and Angkorian eras have as yet not mentioned any contemporary villages or districts called "Battambang" but according to the document Mohachun Khmer, "Srok Battambang" (Battambang district) was used during the Angkor and post-Angkor eras.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Battambang is subdivided into 14 districts (Khmer: ស្រុក, srok) which are further subdivided into 96 subdistricts (Khmer: ឃុំ, khum) and 799 villages (Khmer: ភូមិ, phum).

  1. Banan (Khmer: បាណន់)
  2. Thma Koul (Khmer: ថ្មគោល)
  3. Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង)
  4. Bavel (Khmer: បវេល)
  5. Aek Phnum (Khmer: ឯកភ្នំ)
  6. Moung Ruessei (Khmer: មោងឫស្សី
  7. Rotanak Mondol (Khmer: រតនមណ្ឌល)
  1. Sangkae (Khmer: សង្កែ)
  2. Samlout (Khmer: សំឡូត)
  3. Sampov Lun (Khmer: សំពៅលូន)
  4. Phnom Proek (Khmer: ភ្នំព្រឹក)
  5. Kamrieng (Khmer: កំរៀង)
  6. Koas Krala (Khmer: គាស់ក្រឡ)
  7. Rukhak Kiri (Khmer: រុក្ខគិរី)

Local government entities within the province include the two towns and 12 subdistrict municipalities

Historical sites[edit]

Wat Ek

Wat Ek Phnom[edit]

Wat Ek Phnom (Khmer: វត្តឯកភ្នំ) is a partly collapsed 11th-century temple situated 11 km north of Battambang. The temple measures 52m by 49m and is surrounded by the remains of a laterite wall and an ancient baray (reservoir). A lintel depicting the Churning of the Ocean of Milk is situated above the east entrance to the central temple, the upper flanks of which hold some finely carved bas-reliefs. Construction of an oversized Buddha statue began by locals next to the temple has been stopped by the government because, they say, it mars the site’s historical provenance and "timeless beauty". Wat Ek Phmom is a very popular picnic and pilgrimage destination for Khmers at festival times.[2]

Wat Banan[edit]

Banan Temple (Khmer: ភ្នំបាណន់), located some 25 km south of Battambang City, has been likened to a smaller version of the more imposing Angkor Wat. Built in the 10th century, it is very popular at weekends with Khmer families out on picnics.


Battambang is accessible by road, and by boat via the Sangker River. Both the airport and railway line are not in use. Buses make 5-6 hour journey from Phnom Penh and the 3-4 hour journey from Siem Reap almost hourly.


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°1′43″N 102°59′22″E / 13.02861°N 102.98944°E / 13.02861; 102.98944