Battle of Beauharnois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Battle of Beauharnois
Part of The Lower Canada Rebellion
Date November 10, 1838
Location Beauharnois, Quebec
Result Loyalist victory
Belligerents
United Kingdom Lower Canada - local Loyalist volunteers, as well as British units including 71st Highlanders[1] 500 Patriotes
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Flag of the Patriote movement (Lower Canada).svg Chevalier de Lorimier

The Battle of Beauharnois was fought on November 10, 1838 between Lower Canada loyalists and Patriote rebels, after 500 armed men had converged on Beauharnois, on November 3-4, overtaking the seigneurial manor.[2]

The seigneury of Beauharnois belonged to the Ellice family, having, in 1796, purchased it from Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, Marquis de Lotbinière. Edward Ellice, private secretary to John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, had then been in residence for several months. He, and, separately, his wife, Lady Jane Ellice, and her sister, Eglantine "Tina" Balfour, later Ellice, were taken prisoner, along with a number of others. Ellice's watercolours, sketches and diary survived, and record that they were unharmed.[3][4]

The town rose up, following a series of raids by rebel leaders who had escaped into the United States. François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier commanded the ranks of the Patriote rebels. The British were victorious, and 108 rebels were captured and tried in Montreal.[5] 58 of the Patriote rebels were deported to Australia,[6] and Lorimier was hung.[7][8]

British forces burned much of the area as a reprisal for the rebel's actions.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://archive.org/stream/historyofcountyo00sellrich/historyofcountyo00sellrich_djvu.txt
  2. ^ "Insurrection des patriotes à Beauharnois en 1838 (L') de Marcel Labelle | Septentrion". Septentrion (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-20. 
  3. ^ K. D. Reynolds, ‘Ellice , Katherine Jane [Janie] (1813–1864)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 June 2017
  4. ^ Ellice, J. The diary of Jane Ellice; Patricia Godsell, Ed.; Oberon Press; 1975, p. 139. ISBN 0887501648.
  5. ^ "Robert Nelson: 2. Leads Patriotes to Defeat". www.raidersandrebels.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20. 
  6. ^ http://ville.beauharnois.qc.ca/histoire-de-beauharnois/ (French)
  7. ^ "Robert Nelson: 2. Leads Patriotes to Defeat". www.raidersandrebels.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20. 
  8. ^ "Patriotes' End: 1. 108 Face Court Martial". www.raidersandrebels.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20. 
  9. ^ "Robert Nelson: 2. Leads Patriotes to Defeat". www.raidersandrebels.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 45°18′50″N 73°52′37″W / 45.314°N 73.877°W / 45.314; -73.877