Battle of Gnila Lipa
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014)|
|Battle of Gnila Lipa|
|Part of the Eastern Front during World War I|
|Commanders and leaders|
Hermann Kövess von Kövesshaza
| Nikolai Ivanov
| III. Army
Army Group Kövess
282 infantry bataillons
133 cavalry squadrons
| III. Army
336 infantry bataillons
164 cavalry squadrons
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown, 20,000 prisoners||Unknown|
The Battle of Gnila Lipa took place 29–30 August 1914 when the Imperial Russian Army invaded Galicia and confronted the Austro-Hungarian Army. It was part of a larger series of battles known collectively as the Battle of Galicia. The battle ended in a defeat of the Austro-Hungarian troops.
The Austro-Hungarian offensive in the North was successful with victories in the Battles of Kraśnik and Battle of Komarów mostly because the Russian Army had concentrated its forces more to the South before Lemberg, where they had expected the main assault.
When the Austro-Hungarian Third Army under Rudolf von Brudermann advanced on August 26 with 3 Army Corps (XII, III and XI), it met 8 advancing Russian Army Corps of the Third and Eighth Armies. On the Zlota Lipa River, the Austrians were soundly defeated and by the end of the day in headlong retreat. Near Brzezany, Armygroup Kövess was also defeated and nearly escaped being surrounded by the Eight Army of Aleksei Brusilov.
Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf ordered to form a new line of defense on the Gnila Lipa River. The Russians needed 2 days to regroup their troops, and didn't pursue the Austrians. Conrad still thought he could maintain the initiative and ordered the 3rd Corps to attack near Peremyshliany. The consequences were disastrous. The Russians had 292 Battalions and 1,304 guns against the Austrians 115 Battalions and 376 guns. The Austrian line collapsed under the Russian counterattack, and Kövess also failed to withstand the Russian attack near Rohatyn. The Austrians fled west of Lemberg, leaving 20,000 prisoners in Russian hands. The fortress of Lemberg fell on 3 September. The Austrian Second Army under Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli, which was transferred form the Serbian Front, came too late for the battle, but the arrival of its VII Corps helped to prevent the total collapse.
- J. Rickard: Battle of Gnila Lipa, 26-30 August 1914.
- Österreichisches Bundesministerium für Heereswesen vom Kriegsarchiv. "Österreich-Ungarns letzter Krieg 1914-1918. Erster Band": p.249