Battle of Oosterweel
|Battle of Oosterweel|
|Part of the Eighty Years' War|
Battle of Oosterweel, showing the coast and village with a building on fire and the ships of the rebel Geuzen. From Pieter Bor (1559-1635): Nederlantsche oorloghen.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Jan de Marnix van Aldegonde †||De Beauvoir|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Oosterweel took place on 13 March 1567 near the village of Oosterweel, north of Antwerp, and is traditionally seen as the beginning of the Eighty Years' War. A Spanish infantry division under General Beauvoir defeated an army of radical Calvinists rebels under Jan de Marnix. The prisoners were considered rebels and executed. William the Silent, the Burggraaf of Antwerp, did not allow the Protestants of the city to participate in the battle because he was, as lord of the city, bound by oath to support the Spanish Hapsburg King.
The battle and its aftermath are depicted in Cecelia Holland's novel The Sea Beggars - seen through the eyes of an idealistic young Calvinist from Antwerp who tries to join the rebels but arrives too late, to see them being overrun by the Spanish cavalry.
- ^ The Dutch people typically view Louis of Nassau's surprise victory at Heiligerlee in 1568 as the first true battle of the Eighty Years' War.
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