Bawa Balwant

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Bawa Balwant
Born August 1915
Neshta (now Amritsar district), British Punjab
Died June 1972 (aged 56–57)
New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Other names Bava Balwant
Occupation Poet, Writer
Known for Poetry

Mangal Sen (1915–1972) was a Punjabi writer, poet and essayist in East Punjab, India.[1][2] He wrote first under the name Balwant Rai, but is most famous for his poetry under his pen name Bawa Balwant. He started writing poetry in Urdu but later switched to his mother tongue of Punjabi.[2][3] Balwant is credited with helping start the progressive movement in Punjabi poetry.[1][3] He also made a contribution to the freedom struggle of India.

Early life[edit]

Mangal Sen was born in August 1915[1] to a middle-class family, in the ancient[4] village of Neshta in the Indian Punjab.[2] Neshta (Punjabi: ਨੇਸ਼ਟਾ)[5] is near Wagah border and now falls under the Amritsar district[4] He received his primary education from his father, Thakur Dina Nath, and learned Hindi, Urdu[2] and Sanskrit. He got a job in Amritsar where he developed a passion for music.[2] He was heavily influenced by the Urdu poet Muhammad Iqbal.[1][3]

His father, Thakur Dina Nath, was a hakeem (English:desi doctor). He had two brothers and two sisters.[1][2] His brothers was unmarried while his marriage was followed by a quick separation.[2] Sujan Singh, a noted story writer of Punjab,[6] was one of his close friends.

Literary works[edit]

Greatly influenced by Mohammad Iqbal, he started writing Urdu poetry[3] and later switched over to his mother tongue, Punjabi. His first book in Urdu, Sher-E-Hind, was banned by the British administration.[1][2] His poetic collections include Amar Geet, Maha Nach,[3] Jwalamukhi, Sugand-Sameer and Bandergah.[2] He published one essay collection, Kis Taraan De Naach.[1]


He died due to the heat of June in 1972 in New Delhi.[1][2] Today, except his literal works, nothing belonging to him is traceable.[2] Neshta, the Punjab's most ancient village lies neglected with his house ruined.[1][2] His two sisters are unknown.[2] Nobody knows where they live.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kaang, Kulbir Singh (1998). Bawa Balwant. Makers of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-26005629. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Bawa Balwant's sad saga". The Tribune. Chandigarh, India. 2 June 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Bawa Balwant". Academy of the Punjab in North America. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Walia, Varinder (2 June 2005). "'Garden of beautiful girl' in ruins". The Tribune. Chandigarh, India. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "ਬਾਵਾ ਬਲਵੰਤ". VeerPunjab. Retrieved 5 May 2012.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  6. ^ Kaang, Kulbir Singh (2003). Sujan Singh. Makers of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. p. 53. ISBN 81-260-1742-2.