Beaudéan

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Beaudéan
Beaudéan and the church of Saint-Martin
Beaudéan and the church of Saint-Martin
Coat of arms of Beaudéan
Coat of arms
Beaudéan is located in France
Beaudéan
Beaudéan
Coordinates: 43°01′45″N 0°10′10″E / 43.0292°N 0.1694°E / 43.0292; 0.1694Coordinates: 43°01′45″N 0°10′10″E / 43.0292°N 0.1694°E / 43.0292; 0.1694
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Hautes-Pyrénées
Arrondissement Bagnères-de-Bigorre
Canton Campan
Intercommunality Haute-Bigorre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jacques Brune (PRG)
Area1 16.7 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 390
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 65078 /65710
Elevation 611–2,262 m (2,005–7,421 ft)
(avg. 650 m or 2,130 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Beaudéan (Occitan: Beudian) is a French commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Beaudéannais or Beaudéannaises.[2]

Geography[edit]

The Lavoir (Public laundry)

Beaudean is located at the mouth of the Lesponne valley and the Campan valley in the inter-communal cooperative of Haute-Bigorre some 20 km south by south-east of Tarbes and 5 km south of Bagnères-de-Bigorre. Access to the commune is by the D935 road from Pouzac in the north which passes through the eastern tip of the commune and the village and continues south-east to Campan. The D29 branches off the D935 in the commune and goes along the length of the commune south-west to end in Chiroulet. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Serris. The commune is mixed forest and farmland in the north and rugged forested mountains in the south.[3][4]

The Adour river forms the north-eastern border of the commune as it flows north-west eventually joining the Atlantic ocean at Boucau. The Adour de Lesponne flows from the south-west of the commune, forming much of the western border as it flows north-east, gathering tributaries such as the Ruisseau du Brouilh (which forms the southern border of the commune), the Ruisseau de Narbios, the Hourquet, and the Ruisseau de Hount Hérède, to join the Adour at the eastern corner of the commune. The Serris river flows north-east through the commune and the village to join the Adour. The Ruisseau de Binaros forms most of the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour de Lesponne in the narrow "neck" of the commune.[3][4]

Toponymy[edit]

Historical names:[5]

  • In Beldeyano, Latin (c. 1090, Larcher, Cartulary of Saint-Pé).
  • Arnaldus de Beudean, Latin and Gascon (1283, Procès Bigorre).
  • Beudeaa, (1285, Montre Bigorre).
  • apud Beudeanum, Latin (1300, Enquête Bigorre).
  • De Baudeano, Latin (1313 Debita regi Navarre; 1342, Pouillé of Tarbes).
  • de Veudeano, Latin (1379 Procuration of Tarbes).
  • Beudean (1429, Censier of Bigorre).
  • Baudean, (1760, Larcher, Pouillé of Tarbes).

Beaudéan appears as Beaudean on the 1750 Cassini Map[6] and the same on the 1790 version.[7]

Beaudéan comes from the name of a domain. The Germanic personal name Bald-win (Latinised as Baldinus) with the suffix -anum.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Beaudéan
Blazon:

Quarterly, 1 and 3 Or, a fir tree Vert; 2 and 4 Argent, a helm Gules in profile sinister between 2 bears standing and confronting of Sable.[8]



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[9]

From To Name Party Position
1989 2020 Jacques Brune PRG

(Not all data is known)

Judicial and administrative proceedings[edit]

Beaudéan falls within the area of the Tribunal d'instance (District court) of Tarbes, the Tribunal de grande instance (High Court) of Tarbes, the Cour d'appel Court of Appeal of Pau, the Tribunal pour enfants (Juvenile court) of Tarbes, the Conseil de prud'hommes (Labour Court) of Tarbes, the Tribunal de commerce (Commercial Court) of Tarbes, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative tribunal) of Pau, and the Cour administrative d'appel (Administrative Court of Appeal) of Bordeaux[10]

Demography[edit]

In 2012 the commune had 391 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
723 713 810 763 865 972 1,000 998 976
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
894 875 895 894 853 780 766 703 731
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
728 688 634 524 505 552 505 485 474
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2012 -
453 472 378 354 410 378 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The Main Street
Population of Beaudéan

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Martin

Civil heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Martin (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[11] is It is characterized by a bell tower with four corbelled turrets. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beaudéan on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Hautes-Pyrénées (French)
  3. ^ a b c Beaudéan on Google Maps
  4. ^ a b Beaudéan on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  5. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Jean-François Le Nail, Jacques Boisgontier, Toponymic Dictionary of communes of Hautes-Pyrénées, Conseil général des Hautes-Pyrénées, 2000, 348 pages, ISBN 2951481012, 9782951481015 (French)
  6. ^ Beaudean on the 1750 Cassini Map
  7. ^ Beaudean on the 1790 Cassini Map
  8. ^ Armorial of France (French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  10. ^ List of competent jurisdictions for Beaudéan, Ministry of Justice website (French).
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00095345 Church of Saint Martin Camera aabb.svg (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM65000124 Hilarri Camera aabb.svg (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM65000123 Retable and Tabernacle (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM65000122 2 Candlesticks (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM65000121 Choir enclosure (French)