Befehlshaber der U-Boote

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The Befehlshaber der Unterseeboote (BdU) was the supreme commander of the Kriegsmarine's U-boat Arm (Ubootwaffe) during World War II. The term also referred to the Command HQ of the U-boat arm.[1]

The title was established on 17 October 1939, when Karl Dönitz was promoted to rear admiral (Konteradmiral). His previous title had been U-boat leader (Führer der Unterseeboote), a position he had held from January 1936.[2]

On 31 January 1943 Dönitz was promoted to grand admiral (Großadmiral) and became supreme commander (Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine) of the entire Kriegsmarine, replacing Erich Raeder. He retained the title, but was replaced as operational commander at BdU by his chief of staff Eberhard Godt.[3]

Godt's successor was Admiral Hans Georg von Friedeburg, who held the position at the end of the war.

Department Chief
No. Abteilungschef Took office Left office Time in office
1
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
Friedeburg, HansKapitän zur See
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
(1895–1945)
17 October 193911 September 19411 year, 329 days
2nd Admiral of the U-boats
No. 2. Admiral der Unterseeboote Took office Left office Time in office
1
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
Friedeburg, HansKonteradmiral
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
(1895–1945)
12 September 194130 April 19431 year, 230 days
Commanding Admiral of the U-boats
No. Kommandierender Admiral
der Unterseeboote
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
Friedeburg, HansAdmiral
Hans-Georg von Friedeburg
(1895–1945)
1 February 194330 April 19452 years, 88 days
2
Kurt Dobratz
Dobratz, KurtKapitän zur See
Kurt Dobratz
(1904–1995)
1 May 19458 May 19457 days
Chief of Staff of the Commanding Admiral of the U-boats
No. Stabschef des Kommandierenden
Admirals der Unterseeboote
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Heinz Ehler Beucke
Beucke, HeinzFregattenkapitän
Heinz Ehler Beucke
(1904–1979)
March 1943May 19432 months
2
Ernst Kratzenberg
Kratzenberg, ErnstKonteradmiral
Ernst Kratzenberg
(1896–1984)
June 1943April 19451 year, 10 months
3
Kurt Dobratz
Dobratz, KurtKapitän zur See
Kurt Dobratz
(1904–1995)
April 1945April 19450 months
4
Ewald Engler
Engler, EwaldFregattenkapitän
Ewald Engler
(1913–?)
1 May 19458 May 19450 months

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hague pviii
  2. ^ "Karl Dönitz". uboat.net. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  3. ^ "Eberhard Godt". uboat.net. Retrieved 31 August 2009.

References[edit]