List of wolfpacks of World War II

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Wolfpacks (German: U-Boot-Gruppe) were employed by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II against Allied and neutral shipping.

Outbreak of War[edit]

From the outbreak of war until mid-1940 there were various groups of U-boats engaged in collective patrols. With the exception of experimental Hartmann's wolfpack in 1939, the first recognised wolfpack was led by KrvKpt Günther Prien in June 1940.

Invasion of Norway & Denmark[edit]

In preparation for the impending invasion of Norway and Denmark, in early April 1940, 31 U-boats were ready for operations between England and Norway. On 6 April, the codeword "Hartmut" was transmitted and German submarines began their designated operations.

Wolfpacks[edit]

Name From To Boats Ships Sunk Ships Damaged Boats Lost Notes
Hartmann Oct 1939 Apr 1940 6 7 0 3 Convoy KJF-3
Convoy HG-3
Prien 12 Jun 1940 17 Jun 1940 7 5 0 0 Convoy HX-47
Rösing 12 Jun 1940 15 Jun 1940 5 4 0 0 Convoy SL-34
West 8 May 1941 20 Jun 1941 23 33 4 1 Convoy OB-317
Convoy OB-318
Convoy SC-30
Convoy HX-126
Convoy HX-128
Convoy OB-322
Convoy OB-327
Convoy OB-328
Convoy OB-329
Convoy OB-330
Kurfürst 16 Jun 1941 20 Jun 1941 5 1 0 0 Convoy SL-76
Süd 22 Jul 1941 5 Aug 1941 4 0 0 0
Hammer 5 Aug 1941 12 Aug 1941 3 0 0 0
Grönland 10 Aug 1941 27 Aug 1941 21 3 1 0 Convoy ON-4
Kurfürst II 23 Aug 1941 2 Sep 1941 7 0 0 0
Markgraf 27 Aug 1941 16 Sep 1941 15 17 4 2 Convoy SC-41
Convoy SC-42
Bosemüller 28 Aug 1941 2 Sep 1941 8 1 0 0 Convoy OS-4
Seewolf 2 Sep 1941 15 Sep 1941 17 5 0 0 Convoy ON-14
Brandenburg 15 Sep 1941 2 Oct 1941 11 11 0 0 Convoy ON-14
Convoy SC-42
Convoy SC-44
Convoy ON-16
Goeben 16 Sep 1941 5 Oct 1941 6 0 0 0
Breslau 2 Oct 1941 29 Oct 1941 6 9 1 1 Convoy OG-75
Convoy HG-75
Mordbrenner 16 Oct 1941 3 Nov 1941 4 2 0 0 Convoy ON-27
Schlagetot 20 Oct 1941 1 Nov 1941 9 2 1 0 Convoy SL-89
Reissewolf 21 Oct 1941 31 Oct 1941 7 1 0 0 Convoy HG-75
Stosstrupp 30 Oct 1941 4 Nov 1941 6 2 0 0 Convoy OS-10
Convoy HX-156
Raubritter 1 Nov 1941 17 Nov 1941 14 4 0 0 Convoy SC-52
Arnauld 5 Nov 1941 18 Nov 1941 4 1 0 1 HMS Ark Royal sunk
Störtebecker 5 Nov 1941 2 Dec 1941 19 0 0 0
Steuben 14 Nov 1941 2 Dec 1941 6 3 0 0 Convoy OS-12
Benecke 19 Nov 1941 2 Dec 1941 4 0 0 0
Gödecke 19 Nov 1941 26 Nov 1941 4 0 0 0
Letzte Ritter 25 Nov 1941 4 Dec 1941 3 0 0 0
Seeräuber 14 Dec 1941 23 Dec 1941 8 3 0 4 Convoy HG-76
Ulan 25 Dec 1941 19 Jan 1942 3 4 1 0 Convoy PQ-7A
Convoy PQ 8
Seydlitz 27 Dec 1941 16 Jan 1942 7 0 0 1
Ziethen 6 Jan 1942 22 Jan 1942 12 11 3 0 Convoy SC-62
Convoy ON-52
Convoy SC-63
Convoy ON-53
Robbe 15 Jan 1942 24 Jan 1942 4 1 0 0 Convoy SC-63
Schlei 16 Jan 1942 12 Feb 1942 7 3 0 0 Convoy ON 63
Convoy SC 67
Hecht 27 Jan 1942 4 Feb 1942 3 0 0 0
Umbau 4 Feb 1942 16 Feb 1942 4 0 0 0
Westwall 2 Mar 1942 12 Mar 1942 8 5 0 0
(No Name) 7 Mar 1942 11 Mar 1942 4 0 0 0
Umhang 10 Mar 1942 16 Mar 1942 3 0 0 0
Blücher 11 Mar 1942 18 Mar 1942 3 0 0 0
Wrangel 11 Mar 1942 18 Mar 1942 2 0 0 0
York 12 Mar 1942 26 Mar 1942 4 0 0 0
Ziethen II 23 Mar 1942 29 Mar 1942 4 0 0 1
Eiswolf 28 Mar 1942 31 Mar 1942 8 2 1 1
Naseweis 31 Mar 1942 10 Apr 1942 3 0 0 0
Bums 6 Apr 1942 14 Apr 1942 6 0 0 0
Robbenschlag 7 Apr 1942 14 Apr 1942 8 3 0 0 Convoy QP 10
Blutrausch 15 Apr 1942 19 Apr 1942 10 1 0 0 Convoy PQ 14
Strauchritter 29 Apr 1942 5 May 1942 9 1 2 0 Convoy QP 11
Convoy PQ 15
Hecht II 8 May 1942 18 Jun 1942 9 14 1 0 Convoy ON 92
Convoy ONS-100
Convoy ONS-102
Greif 14 May 1942 29 May 1942 6 1 0 0 Convoy PQ 16
Pfadfinder 21 May 1942 27 May 1942 8 2 0 0
Endraß 12 Jun 1942 17 Jun 1942 9 5 0 0 Convoy HG 84
Eisteufel 21 Jun 1942 12 Jul 1942 11 13 0 0 Convoy PQ 17
Hai 3 Jul 1942 21 Jul 1942 6 9 1 1 Convoy OS-33
Wolf 13 Jul 1942 1 Aug 1942 11 2 2 1 Convoy ON 113
Nebelkönig 27 Jul 1942 14 Aug 1942 10 0 0 0
Pirat 29 Jul 1942 3 Aug 1942 13 1 2 1 Convoy ON 115
Steinbrinck 3 Aug 1942 11 Aug 1942 14 11 3 2 Convoy ON 115
Convoy SC-94
Lohs 11 Aug 1942 22 Sep 1942 19 8 0 0 Convoy SC-95
Convoy ON 122
Convoy SC 100
Blücher 14 Aug 1942 28 Aug 1942 8 6 1 0 Convoy SL-118
Eisbär 25 Aug 1942 1 Sep 1942 5 1 0 0 Convoy SL-119
Vorwärts 25 Aug 1942 26 Sep 1942 18 15 9 1 Convoy SC-97
Convoy ON-127
Convoy RB-1
Stier 29 Aug 1942 2 Sep 1942 6 0 0 0
Iltis 6 Sep 1942 23 Sep 1942 7 0 0 0
Pfeil 12 Sep 1942 22 Sep 1942 11 0 0 0
Trägertod 12 Sep 1942 22 Sep 1942 10 4 1 3 Convoy PQ 18
Convoy QP 14
Blitz 22 Sep 1942 26 Sep 1942 19 7 0 0 Convoy SC 100
Convoy ON-131
Convoy RB-1
Tiger 26 Sep 1942 30 Sep 1942 17 0 0 0
Luchs 27 Sep 1942 6 Oct 1942 19 2 0 2 Convoy SC-101
Letze Ritter II 29 Sep 1942 1 Oct 1942 4 0 0 0
Tümmler 1 Oct 1942 11 Oct 1942 6 0 0 0
Wotan 5 Oct 1942 19 Oct 1942 11 21 0 1 Convoy ONS-136
Convoy SC 104
Convoy ON-137
Panther 6 Oct 1942 20 Oct 1942 34 3 0 1 Convoy SC-103
Convoy ONS-136
Convoy ON-137
Leopard 12 Oct 1942 19 Oct 1942 8 0 0 2
Puma 16 Oct 1942 29 Oct 1942 13 13 3 0 Convoy ON-139
Convoy ONS-136
Convoy HX 212
Streitaxt 20 Oct 1942 2 Nov 1942 10 12 7 0 Convoy SL-125
Veilchen 20 Oct 1942 7 Nov 1942 13 8 2 1 Convoy SC 107
Südwärts 24 Oct 1942 26 Oct 1942 6 0 0 0
Natter 30 Oct 1942 8 Nov 1942 15 2 0 0 Convoy ON-142
Delphin 4 Nov 1942 14 Nov 1942 9 1 0 1 Operation Torch
Kreuzotter 8 Nov 1942 24 Nov 1942 13 7 1 1 Convoy ON 144
Westwall II 8 Nov 1942 16 Dec 1942 20 11 3 1 Operation Torch
Convoy MKF-1X
Convoy MKF-1Y
Convoy MKS-1X
Convoy KMS-3
Convoy ON-149
Schlagetot II 9 Nov 1942 21 Nov 1942 10 4 3 2 Convoy UGF-1
Wal 10 Nov 1942 15 Nov 1942 8 3 1 2 Operation Torch
Boreas 19 Nov 1942 9 Dec 1942 10 2 0 0 Convoy QP 15
Drachen 22 Nov 1942 3 Dec 1942 5 2 0 0 Convoy SC-110
Convoy HX-216
Panzer 23 Nov 1942 11 Dec 1942 11 1 0 2 Convoy HX-217
Draufgänger 29 Nov 1942 11 Dec 1942 10 3 0 0 Convoy MKF-3
Convoy HX-217
Büffel 9 Dec 1942 15 Dec 1942 3 0 0 0
Raufbold 11 Dec 1942 22 Dec 1942 14 4 1 0 Convoy ON-153
Ungestüm 11 Dec 1942 30 Dec 1942 13 9 1 0 Convoy ON-152
Convoy ON 154
Spitz 22 Dec 1942 31 Dec 1942 11 8 9 1 Convoy ON 154
Delphin II 26 Dec 1942 14 Feb 1943 17 10 1 2 Convoy TM-1
Convoy UGS-4
Falke 28 Dec 1942 19 Jan 1943 23 6 0 0 Convoy ONS-156
Habicht 10 Jan 1943 19 Jan 1943 10 1 0 0 Convoy SC-115
Habicht 10 Jan 1943 19 Jan 1943 10 1 0 0 Convoy SC-115
Jaguar 10 Jan 1943 31 Jan 1943 8 2 0 0 Convoy SC-117
Convoy HX-223
Haugegen 19 Jan 1943 15 Feb 1943 26 2 1 1 Convoy SC-117
Convoy HX-223
Convoy ON-165
Landsknecht 19 Jan 1943 28 Jan 1943 21 0 0 1
Nordwind 24 Jan 1943 4 Feb 1943 7 3 0 0 Convoy RA-52
Rochen 27 Jan 1943 1 Mar 1943 13 5 3 0 Convoy Gibr-2
Convoy UC-1
Convoy ON-165
Pfeil II 1 Feb 1943 9 Feb 1943 13 11 1 2 Convoy SC-118
Nordsturm 2 Feb 1943 9 Feb 1943 5 1 0 0 Convoy SG-19
Hartherz 3 Feb 1943 7 Feb 1943 10 0 0 0
Ritter 11 Feb 1943 26 Feb 1943 13 5 4 1 Convoy ON-166
Taifun 15 Feb 1943 20 Feb 1943 5 1 0 0 Convoy ONS-165
Robbe 16 Feb 1943 13 Mar 1943 8 6 2 0 Convoy UC-1
Convoy KMS-10
Convoy OS-44
Neptun 18 Feb 1943 3 Mar 1943 11 3 0 0 Convoy HX-227
Knappen 19 Feb 1943 25 Feb 1943 4 2 2 0 Convoy ON-166
Sturmbock 21 Feb 1943 26 Feb 1943 9 2 0 0 Convoy ONS-167
Burggraf 24 Feb 1943 5 Mar 1943 18 0 0 0
Wildfang 26 Feb 1943 5 Mar 1943 10 0 0 0
Tümmler II 1 Mar 1943 22 Mar 1943 6 2 0 0 Convoy UGS-6
Neuland 4 Mar 1943 13 Mar 1943 22 5 2 1 Convoy HX-228
Ostmark 6 Mar 1943 11 Mar 1943 11 5 1 1 Convoy SC-121
Westmark 6 Mar 1943 11 Mar 1943 17 10 0 1 Convoy SC-121
Convoy HX-228
Raubgraf 7 Mar 1943 20 Mar 1943 13 11 3 0 Convoy ON-168
Convoy HX-229
Stürmer 11 Mar 1943 20 Mar 1943 19 10 3 1 Convoy SC-122
Convoy HX-229
Unverzagt 12 Mar 1943 22 Mar 1943 6 2 1 1 Convoy UGS-6
Wohlgemut 12 Mar 1943 22 Mar 1943 5 1 0 1 Convoy UGS-6
Dränger 14 Mar 1943 20 Mar 1943 11 3 0 0 Convoy HX-229
Convoy SC-122
Seeteufel 21 Mar 1943 30 Mar 1943 17 1 0 0 Convoy HX-230
Seewolf II 21 Mar 1943 30 Mar 1943 19 0 0 0
Seeräuber 25 Mar 1943 30 Mar 1943 7 3 0 0 Convoy RS-3
Eisbär 27 Mar 1943 15 Apr 1943 12 0 0 1
(No name) 27 Mar 1943 30 Mar 1943 5 4 1 0 Convoy SL-126
Löwenherz 1 Apr 1943 10 Apr 1943 14 4 3 2 Convoy HX 231
Taifun II 2 Apr 1943 4 Apr 1943 4 0 0 0
Adler 7 Apr 1943 13 Apr 1943 16 4 0 0 Convoy HX-232
Convoy ON-176
Convoy ONS-2
Lerche 10 Apr 1943 16 Apr 1943 10 3 1 0 Convoy HX-232
Meise 11 Apr 1943 27 Apr 1943 34 5 2 2 Convoy HX-234
Convoy ONS-3
Convoy ON-178
(No Name) 15 Apr 1943 18 Apr 1943 8 1 1 1 Convoy HX-233
Specht 19 Apr 1943 4 May 1943 24 1 0 1 Convoy ONS-5
Amsel 22 Apr 1943 3 May 1943 16 0 0 0
Star 27 Apr 1943 4 May 1943 16 1 0 0 Convoy ONS-5
Drossel 29 Apr 1943 15 May 1943 13 4 0 7 Convoy SL 128
Convoy HX 237
Amsel 1 3 May 1943 6 May 1943 6 1 0 1 Convoy ONS-5
Amsel 2 3 May 1943 6 May 1943 6 3 0 0 Convoy ONS-5
Amsel 3 3 May 1943 6 May 1943 6 0 0 0
Amsel 4 3 May 1943 6 May 1943 6 0 0 0
Fink 4 May 1943 6 May 1943 28 8 0 5 Convoy ONS-5
(No Name) 5 May 1943 10 May 1943 9 0 0 0
Elbe 7 May 1943 10 May 1943 16 0 0 0
Rhein 7 May 1943 10 May 1943 12 0 0 0
Elbe 1 10 May 1943 14 May 1943 13 0 0 0
Elbe 2 10 May 1943 14 May 1943 13 2 0 1 Convoy SC-129
Isar 10 May 1943 15 May 1943 4 0 0 0
Lech 10 May 1943 15 May 1943 3 0 0 0
Inn 11 May 1943 15 May 1943 4 0 0 0
Iller 12 May 1943 15 May 1943 6 0 0 1 Convoy SC 130
Naab 12 May 1943 15 May 1943 7 0 0 0
Donau 1 15 May 1943 26 May 1943 12 1 0 3 Convoy ONS-7
Convoy SC 130
Donau 2 15 May 1943 26 May 1943 11 0 0 1 Convoy SC 130
Oder 17 May 1943 19 May 1943 9 0 0 0
Mosel 19 May 1943 24 May 1943 21 0 0 2
Trutz 1 Jun 1943 16 Jun 1943 18 0 0 1
Trutz 1 16 Jun 1943 29 Jun 1943 4 0 0 0
Trutz 2 16 Jun 1943 29 Jun 1943 8 0 0 0
Trutz 3 16 Jun 1943 29 Jun 1943 4 0 0 0
Geier 1 30 Jun 1943 15 Jul 1943 4 0 0 0
Geier 2 30 Jun 1943 15 Jul 1943 4 0 0 2
Geier 3 30 Jun 1943 15 Jul 1943 3 0 0 1
(No Name) 11 Jul 1943 29 Jul 1943 6 0 0 0
Wiking 1 Aug 1943 8 Oct 1943 7 4 1 0 Convoy VA-18
Monsun 30 Aug 1943 23 Nov 1943 9 0 0 0
Leuthen 15 Sep 1943 24 Sep 1943 21 10 2 2 Convoy ON-202
Rossbach 24 Sep 1943 9 Oct 1943 26 2 0 6 Convoy SC-143
Schlieffen 14 Oct 1943 22 Oct 1943 18 0 0 5
Eisenbart 22 Oct 1943 5 Jan 1944 12 0 0 0 Convoy RA 55A
Convoy RA 55B
Siegfried 22 Oct 1943 27 Oct 1943 23 0 0 0
Schill 25 Oct 1943 16 Nov 1943 10 1 0 2 Convoy SL-138
Siegfried 1 27 Oct 1943 30 Oct 1943 6 0 0 0
Siegfried 2 27 Oct 1943 30 Oct 1943 8 0 0 0
Siegfried 3 27 Oct 1943 30 Oct 1943 6 0 0 0
Jahn 30 Oct 1943 2 Nov 1943 12 0 0 0
Körner 30 Oct 1943 2 Nov 1943 11 0 0 0
Tirpitz 1 2 Nov 1943 8 Nov 1943 4 0 0 0
Tirpitz 2 2 Nov 1943 8 Nov 1943 5 0 0 0
Tirpitz 3 2 Nov 1943 8 Nov 1943 5 0 0 0
Tirpitz 4 2 Nov 1943 8 Nov 1943 4 0 0 1
Tirpitz 5 2 Nov 1943 8 Nov 1943 3 0 0 1
Eisenhart 1 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 2 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 3 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 4 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 5 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 6 9 Nov 1943 13 Nov 1943 1 0 0 0
Eisenhart 7 9 Nov 1943 15 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 8 9 Nov 1943 11 Nov 1943 4 0 0 0
Eisenhart 9 9 Nov 1943 11 Nov 1943 3 0 0 0
Eisenhart 10 9 Nov 1943 10 Nov 1943 1 0 0 0
Schill 1 16 Nov 1943 22 Nov 1943 8 1 0 1 Convoy MKS 30
Schill 2 17 Nov 1943 22 Nov 1943 9 0 0 1
Schill 3 18 Nov 1943 22 Nov 1943 9 0 0 0
Weddigen 22 Nov 1943 7 Dec 1943 17 0 0 4
Coronel 4 Dec 1943 8 Dec 1943 19 0 0 0
Coronel 1 8 Dec 1943 17 Dec 1943 19 0 0 0
Coronel 2 8 Dec 1943 17 Dec 1943 21 0 0 0
Coronel 3 14 Dec 1943 17 Dec 1943 9 0 0 0
Amrum 18 Dec 1943 23 Dec 1943 6 0 0 0
Borkum 18 Dec 1943 3 Jan 1944 17 2 0 1 Convoy OS-62
Föhr 18 Dec 1943 23 Dec 1943 6 0 0 0
Sylt 18 Dec 1943 23 Dec 1943 6 0 0 0
Rügen 1 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 8 1 1 0 Convoy ON-217
Rügen 2 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 6 0 0 1
Rügen 3 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 8 0 0 0
Rügen 4 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 9 0 0 0
Rügen 5 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 9 0 0 0
Rügen 6 23 Dec 1943 7 Jan 1944 11 0 0 0
Hela 28 Dec 1943 1 Jan 1944 4 0 0 0
Rügen 7 28 Dec 1943 2 Jan 1944 3 0 0 0
Isegrim 1 Jan 1944 27 Jan 1944 15 3 2 0 Convoy JW 56A
Borkum 1 3 Jan 1944 13 Jan 1944 3 1 0 0
Borkum 2 3 Jan 1944 13 Jan 1944 2 0 0 0
Borkum 3 3 Jan 1944 13 Jan 1944 3 0 0 1
Rügen 7 Jan 1944 26 Jan 1944 31 0 0 4
Hinein 26 Jan 1944 3 Feb 1944 8 0 0 2
Stürmer 26 Jan 1944 3 Feb 1944 13 0 0 0
Werwolf 27 Jan 1944 28 Feb 1944 21 2 0 1 Convoy JW 56B
Convoy JW 57
Igel 1 3 Feb 1944 17 Feb 1944 15 1 0 3 Convoy UR-108
Igel 2 3 Feb 1944 17 Feb 1944 15 0 0 3
Hai 1 17 Feb 1944 22 Feb 1944 16 1 0 3 Convoy ON-224
Hai 2 17 Feb 1944 22 Feb 1944 3 0 0 0
Preussen 22 Feb 1944 22 Mar 1944 31 5 1 8 Convoy MKS-40
Convoy CU-16
Convoy SL-150
Convoy CU-17
Hartmut 23 Feb 1944 28 Feb 1944 4 0 0 0
Boreas 28 Feb 1944 10 Mar 1944 12 0 0 2
Orkan 5 Mar 1944 10 Mar 1944 4 0 0 1
Taifun 5 Mar 1944 10 Mar 1944 4 0 0 1
Hammer 10 Mar 1944 5 Apr 1944 5 0 0 1
Thor 10 Mar 1944 5 Apr 1944 6 0 0 0
Blitz 24 Mar 1944 5 Apr 1944 9 0 0 2
Donner 5 Apr 1944 20 Apr 1944 9 0 0 0
Keil 5 Apr 1944 20 Apr 1944 5 1 0 0
Donner
Keil
20 Apr 1944 3 May 1944 14 1 0 2 Convoy RA-59
Trutz 3 May 1944 10 Jul 1944 26 0 0 1
Dragoner 21 May 1944 28 May 1944 6 0 0 0
Grimm 31 May 1944 6 Jun 1944 10 0 0 0
Greif 3 Aug 1944 26 Sep 1944 6 5 0 1 Convoy BD-5
Convoy VD-1
Trutz 17 Aug 1944 6 Sep 1944 7 3 0 3 Convoy JW 59
Dachs 31 Aug 1944 5 Sep 1944 6 0 0 0
Grimm 9 Sep 1944 2 Oct 1944 17 0 0 1
Feuer 17 Sep 1944 19 Sep 1944 4 0 0 0
Schwefel 22 Sep 1944 25 Sep 1944 3 0 0 0
Zorn 26 Sep 1944 2 Oct 1944 13 2 0 0 Convoy RA-60
Regenschirm 14 Oct 1944 16 Oct 1944 4 0 0 0
Panther 16 Oct 1944 10 Nov 1944 21 0 1 0 Convoy RA-61
Stier 21 Nov 1944 8 Jan 1945 18 7 1 2 Convoy KB-35
Convoy RA-62
Convoy KB-37
Convoy KP-24
Rasmus 6 Feb 1945 13 Feb 1945 8 0 0 0
Hagen 13 Mar 1945 21 Mar 1945 13 3 0 0 Convoy JW 65
Seewolf III 14 Apr 1945 1 May 1945 6 1 0 4 Operation Teardrop
Faust 16 Apr 1945 1 May 1945 9 1 0 2 Convoy RA-66

Bibliography[edit]

  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 117, 119, 123–125. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 

References[edit]