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Taonius pavo1.jpg
Drawing of Taonius pavo
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Oegopsida
Family: Cranchiidae
Subfamily: Taoniinae
Genus: Taonius
Steenstrup, 1861[1]
Type species
Loligo pavo
Lesueur, 1821

see text

  • Belonella Lane, 1957
  • Desmoteuthis Verrill, 1881
  • Toxeuma Chun, 1906

Taonius is a small genus of glass squid. Although it comprises only three recognised species, it has been suggested there may be as many as five species.[2] Taonius borealis is found in the North Pacific Ocean and Taonius pavo is found in the Atlantic and possibly SW Indian Ocean.[3]

Some teuthologists dispute Voss's synonymy of Belonella with Taonius.[4][5]


Three species are currently placed in Taonius:[1]

Detail of beak and tentacles of Taonius pavo


  1. ^ a b Julian Finn (2016). "Taonius Steenstrup, 1861". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  2. ^ Voss, N.A., S.J. Stephen & Z. Dong 1992. Family Cranchiidae Prosch, 1849. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 513: 187–210.
  3. ^ Richard E. Young (March 8, 2011). "Taonius pavo (Lesueur, 1821)". The Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  4. ^ Okutani, Takashi; Lindsay, Dhugal (2010). "Cephalopods Collected by the Submersibles and ROVs of Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science & Technology: Annotated Catalogue up to 2008" (PDF). JAMSTEC Report of Research and Development. 10: 27. doi:10.5918/jamstecr.10.23.
  5. ^ Roper, Clyde F. E.; Jereb, Patrizia (2010). "Family Cranchiidae Prosche, 1847". In Jereb, P.; Roper, C. F. E. Cephalopods of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Cephalopod Species Known to Date. Volume 2: Myopsid and Oegopsid Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. 4(2). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 158.

External links[edit]