|Name:||BBC California (2011–)
Beluga Fraternity (2008–2011)
|Operator:||Beluga Shipping GmbH|
|Port of registry:||St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda|
|Builder:||CSC Jiangdong Shipyard, Wuhu, People's Republic of China|
|Laid down:||28 April 2007|
|Launched:||18 August 2007|
|Completed:||28 February 2008|
|Identification:||IMO number: 9402055
Call sign: V2DD6
MMSI number: 305177000
|General characteristics |
|Type:||General cargo ship|
|Length:||138.05 m (452.9 ft)|
|Beam:||21.0 m (68.9 ft)|
|Draft:||8.0 m (26.2 ft)|
|Depth:||11.0 m (36.1 ft)|
|Ice class:||GL E3|
|Installed power:||Caterpillar 6M43C (5,400 kW)|
|Propulsion:||Single shaft; controllable-pitch propeller
Bow thruster (500 kW)
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
BBC California, since 2011 known as Beluga Fraternity and briefly Fraternity, is a German general cargo ship owned by Beluga Shipping. In 2009 she and her sister ship, Beluga Foresight, transited the Northern Sea Route while carrying power plant components from Ulsan, South Korea, to the Russian port of Vladivostok. The voyage was widely covered and sometimes incorrectly said to be the first time when non-Russian ships make the transit. In 1997, a Finnish oil tanker, Uikku, sailed the length of the Northern Sea Route from Murmansk to the Bering Strait, becoming the first Western ship to complete the voyage.
The implications of the vessels' traverse of the Northeast passage has been the subject of disagreement.
- "BBC California (9402055)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2012-04-17. (registration required (. ))
- "BBC California (112438)". Register online. Germanischer Lloyd. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Andrew Revkin (2009-09-04). "Commercial Arctic Passage Nearing Goal". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- Andrew Revkin (2009-07-28). "Era of Trans-Arctic Shipping Nigh". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- "Derretimiento de los hielos en el Artico abre codiciada ruta marítima" [Melting ice in the Arctic seaway opens coveted: Two German freighters that traveled from South Korea to Siberia, managed to cross the mythical Northeast Passage, along the Russian coast]. Latercera. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2011-12-28. mirror
- "Første skip gjennom Nordøstpassasjen" [The first ship through the Northwest Passage]. NRK. 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2011-12-28. mirror
- "Gemilerin rotasını değiştiren gelişme" [Development that changes the course of the vessels]. Sütun. 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2011-12-28. mirror
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