Beniane

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Beniane
Commune and town
Country  Algeria
Province Mascara Province
Population (1998)
 • Total 4,530
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Beniane (Coloinal French Bénian) is a town and commune in Mascara Province, Algeria at the site of Ancient Ala Miliaria, a former bishopric which eans a Latin Catholic titular see.

According to the 1998 census it has a population of 4,530.[1]

History[edit]

Modern Beniane corresponds to the ancient city of Ala Miliaria in the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, which was important enough to be one of the many suffragans of the capital Caesarea Mauretaniae's Metropolitan Archbishopric.

It was the episcopal see of Mensius, one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled. Archaeological excavations in the early 20th century brought to light inscriptions showing that there was a strong Donatist presence in Ala Miliaria, with bishops named Nemessanus (404-422) and Donatus (c. 439).[2][3][4]

Titular see[edit]

No longer a residential bishopric, Ala Miliaria is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular bishopric [5] since the diocese was nominally restored in 1933.

It has had the following incumbents, of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

  • Titular Bishop Nicholas Laudadio, Jesuits (S.J.) (1964.05.26 – 1969.04.01)
  • Titular Bishop Antoni Adamiuk (1970.06.06 – 2000.01.25)
  • Titular Bishop Rainer Klug (2000.05.23 – ...), Auxiliary Bishop emeritus of Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statoids
  2. ^ J. Mesnage, L'Afrique chrétienne, Paris 1912, p. 477
  3. ^ Auguste Audollent, v. Ala Miliaria, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. I, Paris 1909, coll. 1332-1334
  4. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, p. 73
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 828

Sources and External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°06′N 0°14′E / 35.100°N 0.233°E / 35.100; 0.233