Beninese presidential election, 1996
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Presidential elections were held in Benin in March 1996. The first round, held on 3 March, saw no candidate gain over 50% of the vote, resulting in a second round held on 18 March. Mathieu Kérékou, a former military dictator who had come second in the first round, was victorious in the second round, beating incumbent Nicéphore Soglo, after gaining the backing of the third- and fourth-placed candidates. Kérékou received very strong support from northern voters, but he also improved his performance in the south compared to the 1991 election.
Soglo alleged fraud, but this was rejected by the Constitutional Court (who had annulled 22% of the votes in the first round), which confirmed Kérékou's victory. Voter turnout was 87.8% in the first round and 77.6% in the second round.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Nicéphore Soglo||Renaissance Party of Benin||596,371||35.69||904,626||47.51|
|Adrien Houngbédji||Democratic Renewal Party||329,364||19.71|
|Bruno Amoussou||Social Democratic Party||129,731||7.76|
|Pascal Fontondji||Communist Party of Benin||17,977||1.08|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|
- 'Kunle Amuwo, "The State and the Politics of Democratic Consolidation in Benin, 1990–1999", in Political Liberalization and Democratization in Africa (2003), ed. Ihonvbere and Mbaku.
- "World News Briefs; Benin Presidential Vote Heads for a Runoff", The New York Times, March 6, 1996.
- Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p95 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
- Benin, Year in Review: 1996, Britannica.com.